90) Sūrat Al-Balad

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THESE 20 EARLY Meccan verses were revealed after (The Letter) Qaf (OR Q) 50 and before The Nightcomer 86; they are composed in rhymed prose. A clear statement concerning free will or the choice which is offered Muslims is made here. Reciting it brings us spiritual blessings, especially on Fridays. The term Al-Balad contained in the title is difficult to translate, for its meaning ranges from the idea of 'city' to 'country', and includes that of district, home town, municipality, community, or land. Various versions use most of these English terms. It here means the sacred surroundings of Mecca. In the name of God, the Mercy-giving, the Merciful!
Lā 'Uqsimu Bihadhā Al-Baladi    090-001* I swear by [this] countryside, ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‌
Wa 'Anta Ĥillun Bihadhā Al-Baladi    090-002* you are a native settled on this land ‍‍ ‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‌
Wa Wālidin Wa Mā Walada    090-003* as well as any parent and whatever he may father. ‌‌‌ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‌
Laqad Khalaq Al-'Insāna Fī Kabadin    090-004* We have created man under stress. ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍
'Ayaĥsabu 'An Lan Yaqdira `Alayhi 'Aĥadun    090-005* Does he reckon that no one can do anything against him? ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍
Yaqūlu 'Ahlaktu Mālāan Lubadāan    090-006* He says: "I have used up piles of money!" ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌
'Ayaĥsabu 'An Lam Yarahu 'Aĥadun    090-007*Does he consider that no one sees him?
Free Choice
‍~‍ ‌‍
'Alam Naj`al Lahu `Aynayni    090-008* Have We not granted him both eyes, ‍‍‍‍‍
Wa Lisānāan Wa Shafatayni    090-009* a tongue and two lips, ‌ ‌
Wa Hadaynāhu An-Najdayni    090-010* and guided him along both highroads? ‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Falā Aqtaĥama Al-`Aqabaha    090-011* Yet he does not tackle the Obstacle! ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍
Wa Mā 'Adrāka Mā Al-`Aqabahu    090-012* What will make you realize ‍‌ ‍‍‌‍‍
Fakku Raqabahin    090-013* what the Obstacle is? ‌‍‍‍
'Aw 'Iţ`āmun Fī Yawmin Dhī Masghabahin    090-014* [It means] redeeming the captive, ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍
Yatīmāan Dhā Maqrabahin    090-015* or feeding ‌ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
'Aw Miskīnāan Dhā Matrabahin    090-016* some orphaned relative on a day of famine ‌‌ ‌ ‌‌‌ ‍
Thumma Kāna Mina Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Wa Tawāşaw Biş-Şabri Wa Tawāşaw Bil-Marĥamahi    090-017* or some needy person in distress. Then he will act like someone who believes, recommends patience and encourages mercifulness. ‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‌‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‌‌ ‍
'Ūlā'ika 'Aşĥābu Al-Maymanahi    090-018* Those will be the companions on the right-hand side, ‍‍‌‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Wa Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Bi'āyātinā Hum 'Aşĥābu Al-Mash'amahi    090-019* while the ones who disbelieve in Our signs will be companions on the sinister side: ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
`Alayhim Nārun Mu'uşadahun    090-020*above them a fire will hem them in. ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
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