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68) Sūrat Al-Qalam

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68)

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(or The Letter N) THIS CHAPTER contains 52 very early Meccan verses, all except for vv. 17-23, which form a graphic parable of "The Arrogant Orchardmen", (OR "The Blighted Garden" as it is sometimes called). These farmers committed the sin of arrogation and ended up by losing their crops (i). Another later story in vv. 48-50 concerns the prophet Jonah (ii). Both of these tales date from Madina. The main body however was revealed after The Clot 96 (with which it should be compared), and before Bundled Up 73. This chapter brought comfort to the Prophet, and it is sometimes called the "Second Revelation". Its initial statement shows his growing preoccupation concerning literacy. In the name of God, the Mercy-giving, the Merciful! Muhammad Not Deranged
n Wa Al-Qalami Wa Mā Yasţurūna    068-001* N. By the pen and whatever they record, ‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
Mā 'Anta Bini`mati Rabbika Bimajnūnin    068-002* you, by your Lord's favor, are no madman! ‍‌ ‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Wa 'Inna Laka La'ajan Ghayra Mamnūnin    068-003* You will receive payment which will never be withheld. ‍‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
Wa 'Innaka La`alá Khuluqin `Ažīmin    068-004* You have been [formed] with tremendous character, ‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fasatubşiru Wa Yubşirūna    068-005* so you will observe even as they observe, ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Bi'ayyyikumu Al-Maftūnu    068-006* which of you is being tested. ‍‍
'Inna Rabbaka Huwa 'A`lamu Biman Đalla `An Sabīlihi Wa Huwa 'A`lamu Bil-Muhtadīna    068-007* Your Lord is quite Aware as to who has strayed from His path, just as He is quite Aware as to who are guided. ‌‍ ‌ ‌ ‍ ‍ ‍ ‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍
Falā Tuţi`i Al-Mukadhdhibīna    068-008* Do not obey rejectors; ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍
Wa Ddū Law Tud/hinu Fayud/hinūna    068-009* they would love to have you shift about so they too may shift around. ‌‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍
Wa Lā Tuţi` Kulla Ĥallāfin Mahīnin    068-010* Do not obey every contemptible oathmonger, ‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍
Hammāzin Mashshā'in Binamīmin    068-011* any faultfinder who goes around spreading gossip, ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍
Mannā`in Lilkhayri Mu`tadin 'Athīmin    068-012* hindering good, defiant, vicious, ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍
`Utullin Ba`da Dhālika Zanīmin    068-013* brawling, and a bastard besides that ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍
'An Kāna Dhā Mālin Wa Banīna    068-014* even though he possesses both money and children. ‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍
'Idhā Tutlá `Alayhi 'Āyātunā Qāla 'Asāţīru Al-'Awwalīna    068-015* Whenever Our verses are recited to him, he says: "Legends by primitive people!" ‌‌‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍
Sanasimuhu `Alá Al-Khurţūmi    068-016* We shall brand him on the snout!
The Arrogant Orchardmen
‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
'Innā Balawnāhum Kamā Balawnā 'Aşĥāba Al-Jannati 'Idh 'Aqsamū Layaşrimunnahā Muşbiĥīna    068-017* We shall test them just as We tested the owners of the orchard when they swore they would pick its fruit next morning ‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Wa Lā Yastathnūna    068-018* and did not make any reservation about having a second chance; ‌ ‍‍‍
Faţāfa `Alayhā Ţā'ifun Min Rabbika Wa Hum Nā'imūna    068-019* so a calamity from your Lord came round to them while they were sleeping ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍ ‌‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍
Fa'aşbaĥat Kālşşarīmi    068-020* and one morning it lay as if it had been already harvested! ‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fatanādaw Muşbiĥīna    068-021* Thus they called out to one another next morning: ‌‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
'Ani Aghdū `Alá Ĥarthikum 'In Kuntum Şārimīna    068-022* "Get out early to your crop if you [want to] harvest it!" ‍‍‍‌‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍
nţalaqū Wa Hum Yatakhāfatūna    068-023* They hurried off muttering to one another: ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
'An Lā Yadkhulannahā Al-Yawma `Alaykum Miskīnun    068-024*"Dont admit any needy person in on you today!" ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
Waghadaw `Alá Ĥardin Qādirīna    068-025* So they went off early, grumbling yet ready for work, ‍‍‍‌‌‌ ‌ ‌ ‍‌‍‍‍
Falammā Ra'awhā Qālū 'Innā Lađāllūna    068-026* and when they saw it, they said: "We must be lost! ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Bal Naĥnu Maĥrūmūna    068-027* In fact, we feel destitute." ‌‍‍‍
Qāla 'Awsaţuhum 'Alam 'Aqul Lakum Lawlā Tusabbiĥūna    068-028* Someone more considerate among them said: "Did I not tell you: 'Why do you not glorify [God]?"' ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍
Qālū Subĥāna Rabbinā 'Innā Kunnā Žālimīna    068-029* They said: "Glory be to our Lord; we have been doing (something) wrong." ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‌ ‌‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fa'aqbala Ba`đuhum `Alá Ba`đin Yatalāwamūna    068-030* Still some of them pounced on others, blaming one another; ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍
Qālū Yā Waylanā 'Innā Kunnā Ţāghīna    068-031* they said: "It's too bad for us; we have been so arrogant. ‌ ‌ ‌‍‌ ‌‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍
`Asá Rabbunā 'An Yubdilanā Khayan Minhā 'Innā 'Ilá Rabbinā ghibūna    068-032* Perhaps our Lord will exchange it for something even better than what we already have. We will plead with our Lord!" ‌ ‌‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‌ ‌ ‍‌ ‌‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍
Kadhālika Al-`Adhābu ۖ Wa La`adhābu Al-'Ākhirati 'Akbaru ۚ Law Kānū Ya`lamūna    068-033* Such is torment, although torment in the Hereafter will be even greater if they only realized it. (ii) ‍‍‌ ۖ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ۚ ‌ ‍‌ ‍‍‍
'Inna Lilmuttaqīna `Inda Rabbihim Jannāti An-Na`īmi    068-034* The heedful will have gardens of bliss alongside their Lord. ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
'Afanaj`alu Al-Muslimīna Kālmujrimīna    068-035* Are We to treat Muslims as if they were criminals? ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Mā Lakum Kayfa Taĥkumūna    068-036* What is wrong with you? How do you decide matters? ‌ ‍‍‍
'Am Lakum Kitābun Fīhi Tadrusūna    068-037* Or do you have some book to study from? ‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‍‌‍‍‍
'Inna Lakum Fīhi Lamā Takhayyarūna    068-038* Do you have whatever you select from it? ‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
'Am Lakum 'Aymānun `Alaynā Bālighatun 'Ilá Yawmi Al-Qiyāmati ۙ 'Inna Lakum Lamā Taĥkumūna    068-039* Or do you have some pledge binding on Us until Resurrection Day that you shall have whatever you decide upon?" ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍ۙ ‌ ‍‍‍
Salhum 'Ayyuhum Bidhālika Za`īmun    068-040* Ask them which of them will lay claim to that. ‌‍ ‌‍‍‍‍
'Am Lahum Shurakā'u Falya'tū Bishurakā'ihim 'In Kānū Şādiqīna    068-041* Or do they have associates [along with God]? Well, let them bring on their associates if they are so truthful. ‍‍‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Yawma Yukshafu `An Sāqin Wa Yud`awna 'Ilá As-Sujūdi Falā Yastaţī`ūna    068-042* Some day when their shinbone will be laid bare and they will be called upon to bow down on their knees, and they will not manage to; ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Khāshi`atan 'Abşāruhum Tarhaquhum Dhillatun ۖ Wa Qad Kānū Yud`awna 'Ilá As-Sujūdi Wa Hum Sālimūna    068-043* with their eyes cast down, disgrace will overwhelm them. They had been called upon to bow down on their knees while they still felt safe. ‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌ۖ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‌ ‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍
Fadharnī Wa Man Yukadhdhibu Bihadhā Al-Ĥadīthi ۖ Sanastadrijuhum Min Ĥaythu Lā Ya`lamūna    068-044* Leave Me Alone as well as anyone who rejects this account: We will lead them on gradually by means they do not recognize. ‌ ‌‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍ۖ ‌ ‍‍‍
Wa 'Umlī Lahum ۚ 'Inna Kaydī Matīnun    068-045* I shall even put up with them for a while; for My plan is certain.
Jonah
ۚ‍‍‍‍‌
'Am Tas'aluhum 'Ajan Fahum Min Maghramin Muthqalūna    068-046* Or are you asking them for some fee while they are weighted down with debt? ‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
'Am `Indahumu Al-Ghaybu Fahum Yaktubūna    068-047* Or do they hold the Unseen which they are writing down? ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍ ‍‍‍
şbir Liĥukmi Rabbika Wa Lā Takun Kaşāĥibi Al-Ĥūti 'Idhdá Wa Huwa Makžūmun    068-048* Be patient with your Lord's decision and not like the Whale's Companion when he called out as he felt stifled. ‍‍‍‌ ‌‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‌‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Lawlā 'An Tadārakahu Ni`matun Min Rabbihi Lanubidha Bil-`Arā'i Wa Huwa Madhmūmun    068-049* If favor from his Lord had not reached him, he would have been flung upon the empty beach while he was still to blame. ‌ ‌ ‌‌‍ ‌ ‍ ‌‍ ‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‌‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍
jtabāhu Rabbuhu Faja`alahu Mina Aş-Şāliĥīna    068-050* His Lord picked him out and placed him with honorable people. ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Wa 'In Yakādu Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Layuzliqūnaka Bi'abşārihim Lammā Sami`ū Adh-Dhikra Wa Yaqūlūna 'Innahu Lamajnūnun    068-051* The ones who disbelieve almost trip you up by glaring at you whenever they hear the Reminder, and they say: "He's deranged! ‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Wa Mā Huwa 'Illā Dhikrun Lil`ālamīna    068-052* Yet it is merely a Reminder to [everybody in] the Universe. ‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍
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