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60) Sūrat Al-Mumtaĥanah

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60)

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THIS CHAPTER was revealed after The Coalition 33 and before Women 4. Its 13 verses in two sections, which are noticeably longer than the succeeding Meccan ones, date from the Madina period. The chapter begins with Abraham's prayer (i) before it deals with women converts (ii). This chiefly concerns woman's role as Islamic society was developing; at the end it gives the woman's profession of faith. In the name of God, the Mercy-giving, the Merciful! (i)
Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Lā Tattakhidhū `Adūwī Wa `Adūwakum 'Awliyā'a Tulqūna 'Ilayhim Bil-Mawaddati Wa Qad Kafarū Bimā Jā'akum Mina Al-Ĥaqqi Yukhrijūna Ar-Rasūla Wa 'Īyākum 'An Tu'uminū Bil-Lahi Rabbikum ۙ 'In Kuntum Kharajtum Jihādāan Fī Sabīlī Wa Abtighā'a Marđātī Tusirrūna 'Ilayhim Bil-Mawaddati Wa 'Anā ۚ 'A`lamu Bimā 'Akhfaytum Wa Mā 'A`lantum Wa Man Yaf`alhu Minkum Faqad ۚ Đalla Sawā'a As-Sabīli    060-001* You who believe, do not take My enemy and your own enemy as friends, offering them affection while they disbelieve in any Truth that has come to you; they exile the Messenger as well as you yourselves just because you believe in God, your Lord. If you have gone forth to strive for My sake, seeking to please Me, would you secretly show them your affection? I am quite Aware of what you hide and what you show. Any of you who does so will stray from the Level Path. ‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‌‍ ‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍ ‌‍ ۙ ‌‌ ‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‌ ۚ ‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‌‍‌‍‍‍ ‌‍ ‍‌‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍ۚ ‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍
'In Yathqafūkum Yakūnū Lakum 'A`dā'an Wa Yabsuţū 'Ilaykum 'Aydiyahum Wa 'Alsinatahum Bis-Sū'i Wa Waddū Law Takfurūna    060-002* If they should encounter you, they would act as enemies of yours and stretch out their hands as well as their tongues to injure you. They would love to make you disbelieve! ‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‌‌‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‌
Lan Tanfa`akum 'Arĥāmukum Wa Lā 'Awlādukum ۚ Yawma Al-Qiyāmati Yafşilu Baynakum Wa ۚ Allāhu Bimā Ta`malūna Başīrun    060-003* Not even your blood relations nor your children will benefit you on Resurrection Day; He will sort you out. God is Observant of anything you do. ‍‌ ‍‌‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‌‌‌ ۚ ‍‍‍ ‍‍‍ۚ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Qad Kānat Lakum 'Uswatun Ĥasanatun Fī 'Ibhīma Wa Al-Ladhīna Ma`ahu 'Idh Qālū Liqawmihim 'Innā Bura'ā'u Minkum Wa Mimmā Ta`budūna Min Dūni Al-Lahi Kafarnā Bikum Wa Badā Baynanā Wa Baynakumu Al-`Adāwatu Wa Al-Baghđā'u 'Abadāan Ĥattá Tu'uminū Bil-Lahi Waĥdahu 'Illā Qawla 'Ibhīma Li'abīhi La'astaghfiranna Laka Wa Mā 'Amliku Laka Mina Al-Lahi Min Shay'in ۖ Rabbanā `Alayka Tawakkalnā Wa 'Ilayka 'Anabnā Wa 'Ilayka Al-Maşīru    060-004* You have a fine model in Abraham and those with him when they told their folk: "We are innocent of you and anything you serve instead of God. We disown you, and hostility and hatred have set in between us for ever, unless you believe in God Alone (except for Abraham's statement to his father: 'I'll seek forgiveness for you, even though I do not control anything at all with God for you')."
Abraham's Prayer Our Lord, on You do we rely, to You do we refer, and towards You ties the goal!
‍‍‌ ‍ ‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‍‍~‍ ‌‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‍‌‌‌ ‍‌‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‌‍‍‌ ‍ ‌ ‌‌‌ ‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‌‌‌ ‌ ‌ ‍‍ ‌‍‍~‍ ‌‌ ‍ ‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‍ ‍‌ ۖ ‌‍‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Rabbanā Lā Taj`alnā Fitnatan Lilladhīna Kafarū Wa Aghfir Lanā Rabbanā ۖ 'Innaka 'Anta Al-`Azīzu Al-Ĥakīmu    060-005* Our Lord, do not make us a trial for those who disbelieve, and forgive us! Our Lord, you are the Powerful, the Wise! ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‍ۖ‍‍ ‌‌‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
Laqad Kāna Lakum Fīhim 'Uswatun Ĥasanatun Liman Kāna Yarjū Al-Laha Wa Al-Yawma Al-'Ākhira ۚ Wa Man Yatawalla Fa'inna Al-Laha Huwa Al-Ghanīyu Al-Ĥamīdu    060-006* You had a fine model in them for anyone who has been hoping [to meet] God and the Last Day. Yet anyone who turns away [will find] God is the Transcendent, the Praiseworthy.
Choosing One's Friends (ii)
‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‌‍‍ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ۚ ‌‍ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
`Asá Al-Lahu 'An Yaj`ala Baynakum Wa Bayna Al-Ladhīna `Ādaytum Minhum Mawaddatan Wa ۚ Allāhu Qadīrun Wa ۚ Allāhu Ghafūrun Raĥīmun    060-007* Yet God may still plant affection between you and those of them you felt were enemies. God is Capable, and God is Forgiving, Merciful. ‍ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍ ۚ‍‍‍ۚ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌
Lā Yanhākumu Al-Lahu `Ani Al-Ladhīna Lam Yuqātilūkum Ad-Dīni Wa Lam Yukhrijūkum Min Diyārikum 'An Tabarrūhum Wa Tuqsiţū 'Ilayhim ۚ 'Inna Al-Laha Yuĥibbu Al-Muqsiţīna    060-008* God does not forbid you to act considerately towards those who have never fought you over religion nor evicted you from your homes, nor [forbid you] to act fairly towards them. God loves the fairminded. ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ۚ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
'Innamā Yanhākumu Al-Lahu `Ani Al-Ladhīna Qātalūkum Ad-Dīni Wa 'Akhrajūkum Min Diyārikum Wa Žāharū `Alá 'Ikhjikum 'An Tawallawhum ۚ Wa Man Yatawallahum Fa'ūlā'ika Humu Až-Žālimūna    060-009* God only forbids you to be friendly with the ones who have fought you over [your] religion and evicted you from your homes, and have abetted others in your eviction. Those who befriend them are wrongdoers.
Women Converts
‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ۚ ‌‍ ‍‍‌‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū 'Idhā Jā'akumu Al-Mu'uminātu Muhājirātinmtaĥinūhunna ۖ Al-Lahu 'A`lamu Bi'īmānihinna ۖ Fa'in `Alimtumūhunna Mu'uminātin Falā Tarji`ūhunna 'Ilá Al-Kuffāri ۖ Lā Hunna Ĥillun Lahum Wa Lā Hum Yaĥillūna Lahunna ۖ Wa 'Ātūhum Mā 'Anfaqū ۚ Wa Lā Junāĥa `Alaykum 'An Tankiĥūhunna 'Idhā 'Ātaytumūhunna 'Ujūrahunna ۚ Wa Lā Tumsikū Bi`işami Al-Kawāfiri Wa As'alū Mā 'Anfaqtum Wa Līas'alū Mā 'Anfaqū ۚ Dhālikum Ĥukmu Al-Lahi ۖ Yaĥkumu Baynakum Wa ۚ Allāhu `Alīmun Ĥakīmun    060-010* You who believe, whenever believing women come to you as refugees, examine them. God is quite Aware of their faith, so if you recognize them to be believing women, do not send them back to the disbelievers; such women are not lawful for them nor are such men lawful for such women. Give [their former husbands] whatever they may have spent [on them]. There is no objection if you marry such women off, once you give them their allotments. Do not hold on to. any ties with disbelievers; ask for whatever you may have spent and let them ask for what they have spent. Such is God's discretion; He will settle things between you. God is Aware, Wise.
Their Remarriage
‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‌ ‌‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌‌ ‍ ۖ ‌ ‍ ۖ‍‍‌ ‌ ‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ۖ ‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍ ‌‌‍ ۖ‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ۚ‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‌‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‌‍ ‌‌‍ ‌‌ ۚ ‌ ‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ۚ ۖۚ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa 'In Fātakum Shay'un Min 'Azwājikum 'Ilá Al-Kuffāri Fa`āqabtum Fa'ā Al-Ladhīna Dhahabat 'Azwājuhum Mithla Mā 'Anfaqū ۚ Wa Attaqū Al-Laha Al-Ladhī 'Antum Bihi Mu'uminūna    060-011* Yet if anything of your spouses has slipped over to the disbelievers and you chance to acquire something else [in return], give those whose spouses have gone away the equivalent of whatever they may have spent. Heed God in Whom you (all) believe.
The Women's Oath OR Profession of Faith
‌‌ ‌ ‌‌‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‌‌‌‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍ۚ‍‍ ‌‌‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
Yā 'Ayyuhā An-Nabīyu 'Idhā Jā'aka Al-Mu'uminātu Yubāyi`naka `Alá 'An Lā Yushrikna Bil-Lahi Shay'āan Wa Lā Yasriqna Wa Lā Yaznīna Wa Lā Yaqtulna 'Awlādahunna Wa Lā Ya'tīna Bibuhtānin Yaftarīnahu Bayna 'Aydīhinna Wa 'Arjulihinna Wa Lā Ya`şīnaka Fī Ma`rūfin ۙ Fabāyi`hunna Wa Astaghfir Lahunna Al-Laha ۖ 'Inna Al-Laha Ghafūrun Raĥīmun    060-012*O Prophet, whenever any believing women come to swear allegiance to you, saying they will not associate anything with God, nor steal, nor misbehave sexually, nor kill their children, nor give any [cause for] candal that they may invent between either their hands or legs, nor to disobey you in any decent matter; then accept their allegiance and seek forgiveness from God for them. God is Forgiving, Merciful. ‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‌ ‍ ‌ ‌‍ ‌‌‌‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍ ۙ‍‍‍‌ ‍ ‍ ‌ ۖ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌
Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Lā Tatawallaw Qawmāan Ghađiba Al-Lahu `Alayhim Qad Ya'isū Mina Al-'Ākhirati Kamā Ya'isa Al-Kuffāru Min 'Aşĥābi Al-Qubūri    060-013* You who believe, do not patronize any folk whom God has become angry with; they despair of the Hereafter just as disbelievers despair of the inhabitants of tombs. ‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
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