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59) Sūrat Al-Ĥashr

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59)

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THIS CHAPTER of 24 verses which are arranged in three sections was revealed at Madina after Evidence 98. It deals with the expulsion of the Jewish clan called the Banu-Nadir who lived three miles outside of Madina, and how to distribute the booty resulting from the campaign in which they had been defeated (i). This incident occurred six months after the battle of Uhud in the year 4 / 625. In the final section (iii), the description of how, if the Quran should be delivered to a mountain, it would shudder at receiving such a burden gives us a graphic picture, while the concluding passage forms a beautiful doxology, in praise of the Deity. In the name of God, the Mercy-giving, the Merciful! (i)
Sabbaĥa Lillahi Mā Fī As-Samāwāti Wa Mā Fī Al-'Arđi Wa Huwa Al-`Azīzu Al-Ĥakīmu    059-001* Whatever is in Heaven and whatever is on Earth celebrates God. He is the Powerful, the Wise!
The Banu-Nadir
‍‌‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
Huwa Al-Ladhī 'Akhraja Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Min 'Ahli Al-Kitābi Min Diyārihim Li'wwali Al-Ĥashri ۚŽanantum 'An Yakhruۖ Wa Žannū 'Annahum Māni`atuhum Ĥuşūnuhum Mina Al-Lahi Fa'atāhumu Al-Lahu Min Ĥaythu Lam Yaĥtasibū ۖ Wa Qadhafa Fī Qulūbihimu Ar-Ru`ba ۚ Yukhribūna Buyūtahum Bi'aydīhim Wa 'Aydī Al-Mu'uminīna Fā`tabirū Yā 'Ū Al-'Abşāri    059-002* He is the One Who turned those People of the Book who disbelieved, out of their homes in the first banishment. You (all) did not think that they would leave, while they thought that their strongholds would keep God away from them. Yet God came at them from where they did not anticipate it and cast such panic into their hearts, that they tore their houses down with their own hands as well as through believers' hands: so learn a lesson, you who have any insight! ‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍ ‍‌‍‍‌ ۚ‍‍‌‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍ۖ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ۖ ‌‍‍‍ۚ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Lawlā 'An Kataba Al-Lahu `Alayhimu Al-Jalā'a La`adhdhabahum Ad-Dunۖ Wa Lahum Al-'Ākhirati `Adhābu An-Nāri    059-003* If God had not prescribed expulsion for them, He would still have punished them in this world. They shall have the torment of Fire in the Hereafter. ‌ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‌ ۖ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Dhālika Bi'annahum Shāqqū Al-Laha Wa Rasūlahu ۖ Wa Man Yushāqqi Al-Laha Fa'inna Al-Laha Shadīdu Al-`Iqābi    059-004* That is because they have broken off with God and His messenger. Anyone who breaks with God [finds out] that God is Stern in punishment.
Distibution of Spoils in War
‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‍ ۖ ‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍
Qaţa`tum Min Līnatin 'Aw Taraktumūhā Qā'imatan `Alá 'Uşūlihā Fabi'idhni Al-Lahi Wa Liyukhziya Al-Fāsiqīna    059-005* Any nursery stock you cut down or leave standing on their roots, is with God's permission so He may disgrace such immoral people, ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Wa Mā 'Afā'a Al-Lahu `Alá Rasūlihi Minhum Famā 'Awjaftum `Alayhi Min Khaylin Wa Lā Rikābin Wa Lakinna Al-Laha Yusalliţu Rusulahu `Alá Man Yashā'u Wa ۚ Allāhu `Alá Kulli Shay'in Qadīrun    059-006* as well as any [property] of theirs that God has assigned to His messenger, since none of you spurred along any horses or riding camels to get it; however God gives His messenger authority over anyone He wishes. God is Capable of [doing] everything. ‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‌‌ ‍ ‌ ‌‍ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‍ ‍ ‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‌‌ ۚ‍ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌
Mā 'Afā'a Al-Lahu `Alá Rasūlihi Min 'Ahli Al-Qurá Falillāhi Wa Lilrrasūli Wa Lidhī Al-Qurbá Wa Al-Yatāmá Wa Al-Masākīni Wa Abni As-Sabīli Kay Lā Yakūna Dūlatan Bayna Al-'Aghniyā'i Minkum ۚ Wa Mā 'Ātākumu Ar-Rasūlu Fakhudhūhu Wa Mā Nahākum `Anhu Fāntahū ۚ Wa Attaqū Al-Laha ۖ 'Inna Al-Laha Shadīdu Al-`Iqābi    059-007* Anything from townsfolk which God has assigned to His messenger belongs to God and the Messenger, as well as near relatives, orphans, the needy and the wayfarer, so that it will not be traded around merely among the rich men you have. Accept anything the Messenger may give you, and keep away from anything he withholds from you. Heed God [Alone]: God is Stem with punishment.
Refugees
‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‌‌ ‍ ‌ ‌‍ ‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‌‍‍‍‍ ۚ ‌‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍ۚ‍‍ۖ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍
Lilfuqarā'i Al-Muhājirīna Al-Ladhīna 'Ukhrijū Min Dīārihim Wa 'Amwālihim Yabtaghūna Fađlāan Mina Al-Lahi Wa Riđwānāan Wa Yanşurūna Al-Laha Wa Rasūlahu ۚ 'Ūlā'ika Humu Aş-Şādiqūna    059-008* [It is also] for those poor refugees who have been expelled from their homes and property, while they are seeking bounty and approval from God and are supporting God and His messenger; those are quite sincere. ‍‍‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‌ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‌‌‌ ‌‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍ ‌‌‍‍~ۚ‍‍‌‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Wa Al-Ladhīna Tabawwa'ū Ad-Dāra Wa Al-'Īmāna Min Qablihim Yuĥibbūna Man Hājara 'Ilayhim Wa Lā Yajidūna Fī Şudūrihim Ĥājatan Mimmā 'Ūtū Wa Yu'uthirūna `Alá 'Anfusihim Wa Law Kāna Bihim Khaşāşatun ۚ Wa Man Yūqa Shuĥĥa Nafsihi Fa'ūlā'ika Humu Al-Mufliĥūna    059-009* The ones who have set up housekeeping and faith before them should love anyone who has migrated to them; they should not find any need in their breasts for anything that has been given them and prefer them ahead of themselves, even though some privation exists among them. Those who are shielded from their own avarice will be prosperous. ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‌‌‍‌ ‌‍‍ ‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‌‍‌ ‌‌‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ۚ ‌‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‌‍‍‍ ‍‍
Wa Al-Ladhīna Jā'ū Min Ba`dihim Yaqūlūna Rabbanā Aghfir Lanā Wa Li'akhwāninā Al-Ladhīna Sabaqūnā Bil-'Īmāni Wa Lā Taj`al Fī Qulūbinā Ghillāan Lilladhīna 'Āmanū Rabbanā 'Innaka Ra'ūfun Raĥīmun    059-010* The ones who came after them say: "Our Lord, forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in faith, and do not place any rancor in our hearts concerning those who believe. Our Lord, You are Compassionate, Merciful!"
Hypocrites Again (ii)
‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‌‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍
'Alam Tará 'Ilá Al-Ladhīna Nāfaqū Yaqūlūna Li'khwānihimu Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Min 'Ahli Al-Kitābi La'in 'Ukhrijtum Lanakhrujanna Ma`akum Wa Lā Nuţī`u Fīkum 'Aĥadāan 'Abadāan Wa 'In Qūtiltum Lananşurannakum Wa Allāhu Yash/hadu 'Innahum Lakādhibūna    059-011* Have you not considered those who act hypocritically? They tell their brethren among the People of the Book who disbelieve: "If you are expelled, we will leave along with you. We shall never obey anyone concerning you. If you are attacked, we will support you." God will show them up as liars! ‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍ ‌ ‌‍‍ ‌‍‍‍
La'in 'Ukhrijū Lā Yakhrujūna Ma`ahum Wa La'in Qūtilū Lā Yanşurūnahum Wa La'in Naşarūhum Layuwallunna Al-'Adbāra Thumma Lā Yunşarūna    059-012* If they ever are expelled, they will not leave with them, while if they are attacked, they will never support them. Even if they should support them, they will still turn their backs [on them]; then they will not be supported. ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‍ ‍‍‌‍‌ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
La'antum 'Ashaddu RahbatanŞudūrihim Mina Al-Lahi ۚ Dhālika Bi'annahum Qawmun Lā Yafqahūna    059-013* They are more in dread of you (all) than anything they feel in their breasts towards God. That is because they are a folk who do not comprehend [anything]. ‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‍ ‍‌ ۚ‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Lā Yuqātilūnakum Jamī`āan 'Illā Fī Quráan Muĥaşşanatin 'Aw Min Warā'i Judurin ۚ Ba'suhum Baynahum Shadīdun ۚ Taĥsabuhum Jamī`āan Wa Qulūbuhum Shattá ۚ Dhālika Bi'annahum Qawmun Lā Ya`qilūna    059-014* They will not fight you as a group except from inside fortified towns or from behind walls. T'heir violence towards one another is serious; you would reckon they would stick together, while their hearts are so at odds. That is because they are a folk who do not use their reason.
Satan's Victims
‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‍ ‌‌‍‍‌‌‌ ‌ۚ ‍‍‍‍‌ۚ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‌ ۚ‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Kamathali Al-Ladhīna Min Qablihim Qarībāan ۖ Dhāqū Wabāla 'Amrihim Wa Lahum `Adhābun 'Alīmun    059-015* Just as the ones shortly before them tasted the consequence of their own action, even so they will have painful torment. ‍‍‍‍ ‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍ۖ ‌‌‌ ‌‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌
Kamathali Ash-Shayţāni 'Idh Qāla Lil'insāni Akfur Falammā Kafara Qāla 'Innī Barī'un Minka 'Innī 'Akhāfu Al-Laha Rabba Al-`Ālamīna    059-016* It is just as Satan does when he tells a nian: "Disbelieve," and then once he does disbelieve, says: "I am innocent of you; I fear God, Lord of the Universe." ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‌‍ ‍‍‍
Fakāna `Āqibatahumā 'Annahumā Fī An-Nāri Khālidayni Fīhā ۚ Wa Dhalika Jazā'u Až-Žālimīna    059-017* The outcome for them both is that they [will land] in the Fire, to remain there for ever. Such will be the reward for wrongdoers. (iii) ‍‍ ‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ۚ ‌‌ ‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Attaqū Al-Laha Wa Ltanžur NafsunQaddamat Lighadin ۖ Wa Attaqū Al-Laha ۚ 'Inna Al-Laha Khabīrun Bimā Ta`malūna    059-018* You who believe, heed God! Let every soul watch out for whatever it has prepar-ed for the morrow, and heed God; God is Informed about anything you do. ‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍ ‌‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌ ‍ ‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍ۖ ‍ ‌ ۚ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍
Wa Lā Takūnū Kālladhīna Nasū Al-Laha Fa'ansāhum 'Anfusahum ۚ 'Ūlā'ika Humu Al-Fāsiqūna    059-019* Do not be like those who have forgotten about God, so He lets them forget about their own souls. Such people are immoral! ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍ ‌‌‍‍ ۚ‍‍‌‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍
Lā Yastawī 'Aşĥābu An-Nāri Wa 'Aşĥābu Al-Jannati ۚ 'Aşĥābu Al-Jannati Humu Al-Fā'izūna    059-020* The inmates of the Fire are not equal to the inhabitants of the Garden; the inhabitants of the Garden will achieve [whatever they want].
The Quran on a Mountain
‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ۚ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‌
Law 'Anzalnā Hādhā Al-Qur'āna `Alá Jabalin Lara'aytahu Khāshi`āan Mutaşaddi`āan Min Khashyati Al-Lahi ۚ Wa Tilka Al-'Amthālu Nađribuhā Lilnnāsi La`allahum Yatafakkarūna    059-021* If We had sent this Qur)an down on a mountain, you would have seen it solemnly splitting open out of awe for God. These are the parables We make up for mankind so that they may meditate.
A Hymn to God
‌ ‌‌‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‍ ‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ۚ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌
Huwa Al-Lahu Al-Ladhī Lā 'Ilāha 'Illā Huwa ۖ `Ālimu Al-Ghaybi Wa Ash-Shahādati ۖ Huwa Ar-Raĥmānu Ar-Raĥīmu    059-022* He is God, besides Whom there is no [other] deity; Knowing the Unseen and the Visible, He is the Mercy-giving, the Merciful! ‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌ ۖ ‍‍ ‍‍‍ ‌‍‌ ۖ‍‍‍‍‍
Huwa Al-Lahu Al-Ladhī Lā 'Ilāha 'Illā Huwa Al-Maliku Al-Quddūsu As-Salāmu Al-Mu'uminu Al-Muhayminu Al-`Azīzu Al-Jabbāru Al-Mutakabbiru ۚ Subĥāna Al-Lahi `Ammā Yushrikūna    059-023* He is God [Alone] besides Whom there is no [other] god, the Sovereign, the Holy, the [Source ofl Peace, the Secure, the Preserver, the Powerful, the Compeller, the Magnificent: glory be to God ahead of anything they may associate [with Him]! ‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‌ ۚ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
Huwa Al-Lahu Al-Khāliqu Al-Bāri'u Al-Muşawwiru ۖ Lahu Al-'Asmā'u Al-Ĥusná ۚ Yusabbiĥu Lahu Mā Fī As-Samāwāti Wa Al-'Arđi ۖ Wa Huwa Al-`Azīzu Al-Ĥakīmu    059-024* He is God, the Creator, the Maker, the Shaper. His are the Finest Names. Whatever is in Heaven and Earth celebrates Him. He is the Powerful, the Wise. ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‌ ۖ ‍‍‌‌ ۚ ‌ ‌ ‍‌‍‍‌‌‍ ۖ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
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