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55) Sūrat Ar-Raĥmān

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THIS APOCALYPTIC chapter containing 78 verses was completed Thunder 13 and before Everyman (OR This Day and Age) 76. It possibly be an early Meccan revelation. God in His role as ar-Rahma 'The Mercy-giving? is also expounded in Chapter 19 on Mary. Another unifying refrain similar to that in Psalm 136 and its refrain on how the Lord's "mercy endureth for ever" runs through this chapter: which of your Lord's blessings will both of you deny?". This is repeat times, carried along on rhyme or assonance (in -an) in a strophic form. measured prose is very effective; the chapter is in fact a long poem de with proofs of God's favors. Duals or pairs give it another special figure which is difficult to bring out through English verbs or nouns. Its inspiring message also describes the future life which is offered the faithful, while there is a passage on Creation at the end of section (I). Hell (II) and Heaven (III) are likewise pictured. In the name of God, the Mercy-giving, the Merciful! (I)
Ar-Raĥmānu    055-001* The Mercy-giving, ‍‍‍‍
`Allama Al-Qur'āna    055-002* has taught the Reading, ‍‍‍‌
Khalaqa Al-'Insāna    055-003* created man, ‍‍ ‍‍‍‍
`Allamahu Al-Bayāna    055-004* taught him self-expression.
Natural Phenomena
‍‍
Ash-Shamsu Wa Al-Qamaru Biĥusbānin    055-005* The sun and moon [move along] like clockwork, ‍ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
Wa An-Najmu Wa Ash-Shajaru Yasjudāni    055-006* shrubs and trees both bend in worship; ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‌
Wa As-Samā'a Rafa`ahā Wa Wađa`a Al-Mīzāna    055-007* while He has raised the sky up and placed scales [there] ‍‍‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍‌
'Allā Taţghaw Fī Al-Mīzāni    055-008* so you may not skimp in weighing. ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‌
Wa 'Aqīmū Al-Wazna Bil-Qisţi Wa Lā Tukhsirū Al-Mīzāna    055-009* Always measure accurately with [all]fairness and do not give short weight! ‌‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌
Wa Al-'Arđa Wađa`ahā Lil'anāmi    055-010* The earth has He laid out for humanity, ‌‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
Fīhā Fākihatun Wa An-Nakhlu Dhātu Al-'Akmāmi    055-011* offering fruit, datepalms bearing blossoms, ‌ ‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‍‍
Wa Al-Ĥabbu Dhū Al-`Aşfi Wa Ar-Raānu    055-012* grain wrapped up in husks, and fragrant herbs. ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-013* So which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny?
Creation
‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Khalaqa Al-'Insāna Min Şalşālin Kālfakhkhāri    055-014* He created man from ringing clay just as a potter does, ‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Khalaqa Al-Jānna Minrijin Min Nārin    055-015* while He created sprites from the glow in fire. ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-016* So which of your Lord's benefits will you both deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Rabbu Al-Mashriqayni Wa Rabbu Al-Maghribayni    055-017* Lord of both Easts and Lord of both Wests! ‍‍‍ ‌‌‍ ‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-018* So which of our Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Maraja Al-Baĥrayni Yaltaqiyāni    055-019* He has loosed both seas which still come together; ‍‍‍‍‍‍
Baynahumā Barzakhun Lā Yabghiyāni    055-020* between them lies an isthmus which neither tries to cross. ‌ ‌‍‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-021* So which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Yakhruju Minhumā Al-Lu'ulu'uu Wa Al-Marjānu    055-022* He produces pearls and coral from them both; ‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‌ ‌‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-023* so which of our Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Wa Lahu Al-Jawāri Al-Munsha'ātu Fī Al-Baĥri Kāl'a`lāmi    055-024* His are the vessels looming up like landmarks on the sea; ‍‍‌‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-025* so which of our Lord's benefits will both of you deny? (II) ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Kullu Man `Alayhā Fānin    055-026* Everyone upon it will disappear ‌ ‍‍‍
Wa Yabqá Wajhu Rabbika Dhū Al-Jalāli Wa Al-'Ikrāmi    055-027* while your Lord's face will remain full of majesty and splendor, ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍ ‌‍ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‌
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-028* So which of our Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Yas'aluhu Man As-Samāwāti Wa Al-'Arđi ۚ Kulla Yawmin Huwa Fī Sha'nin    055-029* Everyone in Heaven and Earth asks for something from Him; each day He is [Busy] at some task. ‌ ‍‌ ‍‌‍‍‌‌‍ ۚ ‌ ‌
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-030* So which of our Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Sanafrughu Lakum 'Ayyuhā Ath-Thaqalāni    055-031* We shall finish off both loads for you; ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-032* so which of our Lord's benefits will both of you deny.?
Exploring Space
‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Yā Ma`shara Al-Jinni Wa Al-'Insi 'Ini Astaţa`tum 'An Tanfudhū Min 'Aqţāri As-Samāwāti Wa Al-'Arđi Fānfudhū ۚ Lā Tanfudhūna 'Illā Bisulţānin    055-033* 0 company of sprites and humankind, if you can manage to penetrate beyond the realms of Heaven and Earth and then pass beyond them! Yet you will only penetrate them through some authority. ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‌‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‌‌ ‌ ۚ ‍‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-034* So which of our Lord's benefits will both of you deny?
Hellfire
‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Yursalu `Alaykumā Shuwāžun Min Nārin Wa Nuĥāsun Falā Tantaşirāni    055-035* A flare of fire and sparks will be loosed against you, from which neither of you will be protected; ‍‍‌‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-036* so which of our Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Fa'idhā Anshaqqati As-Samā'u Fakānat Wardatan Kālddihāni    055-037* When the sky splits open and becomes like a rose [painted] by some artist, ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-038* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Fayawma'idhin Lā Yus'alu `An Dhanbihi 'Insun Wa Lā Jānnun    055-039* On that day, no man nor any sprite will be questioned about any offence of his; ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-040* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Yu`rafu Al-Mujrimūna Bisīmāhum Fayu'ukhadhu Bin-Nawāşī Wa Al-'Aqdāmi    055-041* Criminals will be recognized by their features, and seized by their forelocks and feet; ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-042* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Hadhihi Jahannamu Allatī Yukadhdhibu Bihā Al-Mujrimūna    055-043* Such is Hell, which criminals deny exists. ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍
Yaţūfūna Baynahā Wa Bayna Ĥamīmin 'Ānin    055-044* They will circle around between it and a seething bath. ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-045* So which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny?
Paradise (III)
‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Wa Liman Khāfa Maqāma Rabbihi Jannatāni    055-046* Yet anyone who fears to stand before his Lord will have two gardens ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-047* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Dhawātā 'Afnānin    055-048* Both containing many sorts of things ‌‌‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-049* so which of your Lord's will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Fīhimā `Aynāni Tajriyāni    055-050* Each will have two flowing springs; ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-051* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Fīhimā Min Kulli Fākihatin Zawjāni    055-052* Each will have a pair for ever kind of fruit; ‌ ‍ ‌ ‌‌‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-053* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Muttaki'īna `Alá Furushin Baţā'inuhā Min 'Istabraqin ۚ Wa Janá Al-Jannatayni Dānin    055-054* They will recline on couches upholstered in brocade while the harvest from both orchards droops nearby; ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ۚ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-055* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Fīhinna Qāşirātu Aţ-Ţarfi Lam Yaţmithhunna 'Insun Qablahum Wa Lā Jānnun    055-056*Bashful maidens will be there whom no human being has tampered with previously, nor an sprite. ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-057* So which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Ka'annahunna Al-Yāqūtu Wa Al-Marjānu    055-058* They will be like rubies and coral; ‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-059* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Hal Jazā'u Al-'Iĥsāni 'Illā Al-'Iĥsānu    055-060* Is there any reward for kindness except kindness itself? ‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-061* So which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny?
Two Extra Gardens
‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Wa Min Dūnihimā Jannatāni    055-062* Besides both of these, there will be two extra gardens; ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-063* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Mud/hāmmatāni    055-064* Both densely shaded; ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-065* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Fīhimā `Aynāni Nađđākhatāni    055-066* Each will have two splashing fountains; ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-067* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny'? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Fīhimā Fākihatun Wa Nakhlun Wa Rummānun    055-068* Both will have fruit, datepalms and pomegranates; ‌ ‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-069* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Fīhinna Khayrātun Ĥisānun    055-070* In them there will be the best, the fairest women! ‍‍‌‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-071* So which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Ĥūrun Maqşūrātun Al-Khiyāmi    055-072* Bright-eyed damsels sheltered in pavilions; ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-073* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Lam Yaţmithhunna 'Insun Qablahum Wa Lā Jānnun    055-074* Whom no human being has tainted previously, nor any sprites! ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-075* So which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Muttaki'īna `Alá Rafrafin Khrin Wa `Abqarīyin Ĥisānin    055-076* They will lean back on green cushions and handsome carpets; ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‍ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbikumā Tukadhdhibāni    055-077* so which of your Lord's benefits will both of you deny? ‌‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍
Tabāraka Asmu Rabbika Dhī Al-Jalāli Wa Al-'Ikrāmi    055-078* Blessed be your Lord's name, Possessor of Majesty and Splendor! ‌‍ ‌‍‍‍‌
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