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48) Sūrat Al-Fatĥ

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48)

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THIS CHAPTER of 29 verses arranged in four sections was revealed in the interval after the truce made at the tree of Hudaybiyya in the sixth year following the Hijra, or during 628 A.D.; thus it belongs to the Madinese period. It was revealed after Friday (OR Congregation) 62, when we consider the sequence of the chapters within the Quran itself. The chapter mentions political difficulties in section II, while a mob scene is described in section III. Ultimate victory is promised the Prophet and believers in section II, which also contains the fable of "The Sturdy Plant". One great problem facing the early Muslims was how to divide up or dispose of booty that fell to them in battle; the Prophet did not want any followers who joined his forces merely in order to acquire it. This chapter reinforces the Muslim's sense of duty. In the name of God, the Mercy-giving, the Merciful! (I)
'Innā Fataĥnā Laka Fatĥāan Mubīnāan    048-001* We have opened up a clear victory for you ‍‍‌ ‌
Liyaghfira Laka Al-Lahu Mā Taqaddama Min Dhanbika Wa Mā Ta'akhkhara Wa Yutimma Ni`matahu `Alayka Wa Yahdiyaka Şiţāan Mustaqīmāan    048-002* so God may forgive you for any offence of yours you have committed previously or whatever you may do later on, complete His favor toward you and guide you along a Straight Road, ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
Wa Yanşuraka Al-Lahu Naşan `Azīzāan    048-003* and so God may support you in a mighty success! ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌
Huwa Al-Ladhī 'Anzala As-Sakīnata Fī Qulūbi Al-Mu'uminīna Liyazdādū 'Īmānāan Ma`a 'Īmānihim ۗ Wa Lillahi Junūdu As-Samāwāti Wa Al-'Arđi ۚ Wa Kāna Al-Lahu `Alīmāan Ĥakīmāan    048-004* He is the One Who sends down Serenity on believers' hearts s they may add faith to the faith they already have. God [commands] the armies of Heaven and Earth; God is Aware, Wise, ‌‌‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌‌ ‌‌‌ ‌ ۗ ‌ ‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‌‍‍‌‌‍ ۚ ‌‍‍‍ ‍ ‌‌ ‌
Liyudkhila Al-Mu'uminīna Wa Al-Mu'umināti Jannātin Tajrī Min Taĥtihā Al-'Anhāru Khālidīna Fīhā Wa Yukaffira `Anhum Sayyi'ātihim ۚ Wa Kāna Dhālika `Inda Al-Lahi Fawzāan `Ažīmāan    048-005* so that He may admit believing men and believing women into gardens through which rivers flow, to live there for ever, and to cancel out their evil deeds for them. That will be a supreme Achievement with God, ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‌‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍ۚ ‌‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‍ ‌‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Yu`adhdhiba Al-Munāfiqīna Wa Al-Munāfiqāti Wa Al-Mushrikīna Wa Al-Mushrikāti Až-Žānnīna Bil-Lahi Žanna As-Saw'i ۚ `Alayhim Dā'iratu As-Saw'i ۖ Wa Ghađiba Al-Lahu `Alayhim Wa La`anahum Wa 'A`adda Lahum Jahannama ۖ Wa Sā'at Maşīan    048-006* so He may punish hypocritical men and women as well as associating men and women who conjecture such evil about God; on them will fall an evil turn of fortune. God has become angry with them, and has cursed them and prepared Hell for them. How evil is such a goal!
Swearing Allegiance in Islam
‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍ ‍‌‌ ۚ‍‍‌ ‍‌‌ ۖ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ۖ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‌
Wa Lillahi Junūdu As-Samāwāti Wa Al-'Arđi ۚ Wa Kāna Al-Lahu `Azīzāan Ĥakīmāan    048-007* God [commands] the armies of Heaven and Earth. God is Powerful Wise! ‍‍‌‌ ‍‌‍‍‌‌‍ ۚ ‌‍‍‍ ‍ ‌‌‌ ‌
'Innā 'Arsalnāka Shāhidāan Wa Mubashshian Wa Nadhīan    048-008* We have sent you as a witness, herald and warner, ‍‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‌‌
Litu'uminū Bil-Lahi Wa Rasūlihi Wa Tu`azzirūhu Wa Tuwaqqirūhu Wa Tusabbiĥūhu Bukratan Wa 'Aşīlāan    048-009* so you may (all) believe in God and His messenger, and revere and honor Him, and glorify Him morning and evening. ‌ ‍‍ ‌‌‍ ‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍ ‌ ‍ ‌ ‌‌‍‍‍
'Inna Al-Ladhīna Yubāyi`ūnaka 'Innamā Yubāyi`ūna Al-Laha Yadu Al-Lahi Fawqa 'Aydīhim ۚ Faman Nakatha Fa'innamā Yankuthu `Alá Nafsihi ۖ Wa Man 'Awfá Bimā `Āhada `Alayhu Al-Laha Fasayu'utīhi 'Ajan `Ažīmāan    048-010* The ones who swear allegiance to you merely swear allegiance to God. God's hand rests above their hands, so anyone who breaks his word, only breaks it at his own peril, while We will pay a splendid fee to anyone who fulfils what he has pledged [to do] before God. (II) ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‍‍‍ ‍ ‌ ‍ ‍ۚ ‍‍‌ ‍‌‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‌ ۖ ‌ ‌‌‌ ‌ ‌ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌
Sayaqūlu Laka Al-Mukhallafūna Mina Al-'A`rābi Shaghalatnā 'Amwālunā Wa 'Ahlūnā Fāstaghfir Lanā ۚ Yaqūlūna Bi'alsinatihim Mā Laysa Fī Qulūbihim ۚ Qul Faman Yamliku Lakum Mina Al-Lahi Shay'āan 'In 'Arāda Bikum Đaran 'Aw 'Arāda Bikum Naf`āan ۚ Bal Kāna Al-Lahu Bimā Ta`malūna Khabīan    048-011* Those desert Arabs who have held back will tell you: "Our property and our families have kept us busy. Seek forgiveness for us!" They say something with their tongues that is not in their hearts. SAY: "Who controls anything for you against God, if He should want to cause you any harm, or wants to offer you some advantage? Rather God is Informed about whatever you are doing! ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌‌ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ۚ‍‍‍‍‍‍ۚ ‍ ‍ ‍ ‌‌ ‌ ‌‌‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‌‌‌ ‌‌‌ ‌‌‍‍‌‌‌ ‌ۚ‍‍ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍ ‍‌‌
Bal Žanantum 'An Lan Yanqaliba Ar-Rasūlu Wa Al-Mu'uminūna 'Ilá 'Ahlīhim 'Abadāan Wa Zuyyina Dhālika Fī Qulūbikum Wa Žanantum Žanna As-Saw'i Wa Kuntum Qawmāanan    048-012* Instead you (all) thought that the Messenger and believers would never come home to their families. That [conduct] seemed attractive to your hearts while you thought such evil thoughts and were a worthless folk." ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍ ‍‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‌
Wa Man Lam Yu'umin Bil-Lahi Wa Rasūlihi Fa'innā 'A`tadnā Lilkāfirīna Sa`īan    048-013* We have reserved a Blaze for disbelievers, [such as] anyone who will not believe in God and His messengers. ‍ ‌‌‍ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌
Wa Lillahi Mulku As-Samāwāti Wa Al-'Arđi ۚ Yaghfiru Liman Yashā'u Wa Yu`adhdhibu Man Yashā'u ۚ Wa Kāna Al-Lahu Ghafūan Raĥīmāan    048-014* God holds control over Heaven and Earth. He forgives anyone He wishes and punishes anyone He wishes; God is Forgiving, Merciful. ‍‌‍‍‌‌‍ ۚ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‌‌ ۚ ‌‍‍‍ ‍‌‌‌‌ ‌‍
Sayaqūlu Al-Mukhallafūna 'Idhā Anţalaqtum 'Ilá Maghānima Lita'khudhūhā Dharūnā Nattabi`kum ۖ Yurīdūna 'An Yubaddilū Kalāma Al-Lahi ۚ Qul Lan Tattabi`ūnā Kadhālikum Qāla Al-Lahu Min Qablu ۖ Fasayaqūlūna Bal Taĥsudūnanā ۚ Bal Kānū Lā Yafqahūna 'Illā Qalīlāan    048-015* The ones who held back will say, once you have set out to take some prizes: "Allow us to follow you!" They want to change God's word. SAY: "You will never follow us! God has already told you so." Next they will say: "Rather you envy us." Instead they only understand a little. ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‌‌‌ ۖ‍‍‌ ۚ ‍‍ ‍‌‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ۖ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ۚ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‌
Qul Lilmukhallafīna Mina Al-'A`rābi Satud`awna 'Ilá Qawmin 'Ūlī Ba'sin Shadīdin Tuqātilūnahum 'Aw Yuslimūna ۖ Fa'in Tuţī`ū Yu'utikumu Al-Lahu 'Ajan Ĥasanāan ۖ Wa 'In Tatawallaw Kamā Tawallaytum Min Qablu Yu`adhdhibkum `Adhābāan 'Alīmāan    048-016* Tell those desert Arabs who have held back: "You will be called upon to fight against a folk who are extremely violent; you will fight them unless they surrender. If you obey, God will pay you a handsome fee, while if you turn away just as you turned away before, He will punish you with painful torment." ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍ ۖ‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌‌‌ ‌ۖ ‌‌‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍ ‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‌‌
Laysa `Alá Al-'A`má Ĥarajun Wa Lā `Alá Al-'A`raji Ĥarajun Wa Lā `Alá Al-Marīđi Ĥarajun ۗ Wa Man Yuţi`i Al-Laha Wa Rasūlahu Yudkhilhu Jannātin Tajrī Min Taĥtihā Al-'Anhāru ۖ Wa Man Yatawalla Yu`adhdhibhu `Adhābāan 'Alīmāan    048-017* There is no objection for the blind nor is there any objection for the lame, nor any objection for the sick [if they do not fight]. He will show anyone who obeys God and His messenger into gardens through which rivers flow, while He will punish anyone who turns away with painful torment. (III) ‌ ‍‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ۗ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‌‍‍‌‌ ۖ ‌‍ ‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‌‌
Laqad Rađiya Al-Lahu `Ani Al-Mu'uminīna 'Idh Yubāyi`ūnaka Taĥta Ash-Shajarati Fa`alima Mā Fī Qulūbihim Fa'anzala As-Sakīnata `Alayhim Wa 'Athābahum Fatĥāan Qarībāan    048-018* God was pleased with believers as they swore allegiance to you under the tree. He recognized what was in their hearts and sent down Serenity upon them, and compensated them with a nearby victory ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‌‌ ‍‍
Wa Maghānima Kathīratan Ya'khudhūnahā ۗ Wa Kāna Al-Lahu `Azīzāan Ĥakīmāan    048-019* as well as many prizes they still may take. God is Powerful, Wise. ‍‍‍ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ۗ ‌‍‍‍ ‍ ‌‌‌ ‌
Wa`adakumu Al-Lahu Maghānima Kathīratan Ta'khudhūnahā Fa`ajjala Lakum Hadhihi Wa Kaffa 'Aydiya An-Nāsi `Ankum Wa Litakūna 'Āyatan Lilmu'uminīna Wa Yahdiyakum Şiţāan Mustaqīmāan    048-020* God has promised you will take many prizes; he furnished these promptly for you and fended men's hands off from you so it might serve as a sign for believers and guide you along a Straight Road; ‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
Wa 'Ukhrá Lam Taqdirū `Alayhā Qad 'Aĥāţa Al-Lahu Bihā ۚ Wa Kāna Al-Lahu `Alá Kulli Shay'in Qadīan    048-021* God has already included other things you do not yet have in your possession. God is Capable of everything. ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍ ‍ ‌ ۚ ‌‍‍‍ ‍ ‌ ‌‍‌‌
Wa Law Qātalakumu Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Lawallaw Al-'Adbāra Thumma Lā Yajidūna Walīyāan Wa Lā Naşīan    048-022* If those who disbelieve should ever fight you, they will still turn their backs [and run away]; then they will not find any patron nor supporter, ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‌‍‌ ‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌
Sunnata Al-Lahi Allatī Qad Khalat Min Qablu ۖ Wa Lan Tajida Lisunnati Al-Lahi Tabdīlāan    048-023* according to God's practice which has occurred before.
A Mob Scene at Mecca You will never rind any change in God's practice!
‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍ ‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ۖ ‌‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Huwa Al-Ladhī Kaffa 'Aydiyahum `Ankum Wa 'Aydiyakum `Anhum Bibaţni Makkata Min Ba`di 'An 'Ažfarakum `Alayhim ۚ Wa Kāna Al-Lahu Bimā Ta`malūna Başīan    048-024* He is the One Who fended off their hands from you and your hands from them in the centre of Mecca after He let you vanquish them. God is Observant of anything you do. ‌ ‍‌‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍ ۚ ‌‍‍‍ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌
Humu Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Wa Şaddūkum `Ani Al-Masjidi Al-Ĥarāmi Wa Al-Hadya Ma`kūfāan 'An Yablugha Maĥillahu ۚ Wa Lawlā Rijālun Mu'uminūna Wa Nisā'un Mu'uminātun Lam Ta`lamūhum 'An Taţa'ūhum Fatuşībakum Minhum Ma`arratun Bighayri `Ilmin ۖ Liyudkhila Al-Lahu Fī Raĥmatihi Man Yashā'u ۚ Law Tazayyalū La`adhdhab Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Minhum `Adhābāan 'Alīmāan    048-025* They are the ones who disbelieved and blocked you from [reaching] the Hallowed Mosque so the offerings were hindered from reaching their destination. If it had not been for some men who believed and some women who believed whom you did not recognize and would have trampled down, an outrage would have afflicted you because of them without [your] even knowing it, so that God will show anyone He wishes into His mercy.
Doing One's Duty If they had dispersed, We would still have punished those of them who disbelieved with painful torment.
‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍ ۚ ‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ۖ‍‍‍ ‌‍ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‌‌ ۚ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‌‌ ‌‌
'Idh Ja`ala Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Fī Qulūbihimu Al-Ĥamīyata Ĥamīyata Al-Jāhilīyati Fa'anzala Al-Lahu Sakīnatahu `Alá Rasūlihi Wa `Alá Al-Mu'uminīna Wa 'Alzamahum Kalimata At-Taqwá Wa Kānū 'Aĥaqqa Bihā Wa 'Ahlahā ۚ Wa Kāna Al-Lahu Bikulli Shay'in `Alīmāan    048-026* While those who disbelieved were setting up fanaticism, the fanaticism of Ignorance in their own hearts, God sent His serenity down upon His messenger and on believers, and obliged them to respect the formula of heedfulness. They were truer to it and much more entitled to it. God is Aware of everything!
Ultimate Victory (IV)
‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‌‍ ‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‌‌ ۚ ‌‍‍‍ ‍ ‌ ‌
Laqad Şadaqa Al-Lahu Rasūlahu Ar-Ru'uyā Bil-Ĥaqqi ۖ Latadkhulunna Al-Masjida Al-Ĥarāma 'In Shā'a Al-Lahu 'Āminīna Muĥalliqīna Ru'ūsakum Wa Muqaşşirīna Lā Takhāfūna ۖ Fa`alima Mā Lam Ta`lamū Faja`ala Min Dūni Dhālika Fatĥāan Qarībāan    048-027* God has indeed verified the vision for His messenger, so you may enter the Hallowed Mosque safely, if God wishes, with your heads shaven and clipped. Do not fear: He knows what you do not know and grants besides that, a victory nearby. ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‌‍ ‍‌‌ ‍‍‍ۖ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‌‌ ‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ۖ‌ ‍‌‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‍‍
Huwa Al-Ladhī 'Arsala Rasūlahu Bil-Hudá Wa Dīni Al-Ĥaqqi Liyužhirahu `Alá Ad-Dīni Kullihi ۚ Wa Kafá Bil-Lahi Shahīdāan    048-028* He is the One Who has sent His messenger with guidance and the True Religion so He may have it prevail over all (other) religion. God suffices as a Witness!
Muhammad and Believers
‌‌ ‌‍ ‌ ‍‌‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ۚ ‌‌ ‍‍ ‌‌
Muĥammadun Rasūlu Al-Lahi Wa ۚ Al-Ladhīna Ma`ahu 'Ashiddā'u `Alá Al-Kuffāri Ruĥamā'u Baynahum ۖ Tahum Rukka`āan Sujjadāan Yabtaghūna Fađlāan Mina Al-Lahi Wa Riđwānāan ۖ Sīmāhum Fī Wujūhihim Min 'Athari As-Sujūdi ۚ Dhālika Mathaluhum At-Tawati ۚ Wa Mathaluhum Al-'Injīli Kazar`in 'Akhraja Shaţ'ahu Fa'āzarahu Fāstaghlaža Fāstawá `Alá Sūqihi Yu`jibu Az-Zurrā`a Liyaghīža Bihimu Al-Kuffāra ۗ Wa`ada Al-Lahu Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Wa `Amilū Aş-Şāliĥāti Minhum Maghfiratan Wa 'Ajan `Ažīmāan    048-029* Muhammad is God's messenger while those who are with him should be strict with disbelievers, merciful among themselves. You will see them bowing down, kneeling, craving bounty and approval from God, Their sign [shows] on their faces from the trace of bowing down on their knees [in worship]. "The Sturdy Plant" Such is their description in the Torah, while their description in the Gospel is like a field crop which puts forth its shoots so it swells up, till it grows thick enough to stand straight on its stalk in the way farmers admire, so that disbelievers are exasperated by them. God has promised forgiveness and a splendid fee to any of those who believe and perform honorable deeds. ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍ ۚ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍~‍ ‌‍‍‌‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‌‌ ۖ‌ ‌‌‌ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‌‌ۖ ‌‍ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ۚ‍‌‍‍‌ ۚ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‌‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌‍ۗ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‌‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌
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