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31) Sūrat Luqn

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31)

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THIS CHAPTER was revealed after (Drawn Up In) Ranks 37 and before Sheba 34. It consists of four sections which embrace 34 Meccan verses (except that the poem on "God's Words" in section III dates from a later period in Madina). Among the Arabs Luqman was a spiritual associate and possible grandnephew of the Old Testament prophet Job, and similar to the fableteller and wise man of Greece called Aesop. He is in fact the traditional Arab sage who fills much the same place in Arab folklore as Aesop (OR the 'Ethiopian') did among the Greeks. From now on the chapters become shorter. This one is full of fine thoughts, including a Polonius-style speech to the wiseman's son. Towards the end, it also has two hymns, one on "God's Words" (III) and the other on "God the All-Knowing" (IV). In the name of God, the Mercy-giving, the Merciful! (I)
'Alif-Lām-Mīm    031-001*A. L. M. --
Tilka 'Āyātu Al-Kitābi Al-Ĥakīmi    031-002* These are verses from the Wise Book, ‌‍‍‍ ‍‍ ‍‍‍
Hudáan Wa Raĥmatan Lilmuĥsinīna    031-003* [offered] as guidance and mercy for those who act kindly, ‌ ‌‌‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍
Al-Ladhīna Yuqīmūna Aş-Şalāata Wa Yu'utūna Az-Zakāata Wa Hum Bil-'Ākhirati Humqinūna    031-004* who keep up prayer, pay the welfare tax and are convinced about the Hereafter. ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍
'Ūlā'ika `Alá Hudáan Min Rabbihim ۖ Wa 'Ūlā'ika Humu Al-Mufliĥūna    031-005* Those hold on to guidance from their Lord; such will be prosperous. ‍‍‌‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‌‌ ‍ ‌‍ ۖ ‌‌‍‍‌‍‍‍ ‍‍
Wa Mina An-Nāsi Man Yashtarī Lahwa Al-Ĥadīthi Liyuđilla `An Sabīli Al-Lahi Bighayri `Ilmin Wa Yattakhidhahā Huzūan ۚ 'Ūla'ika Lahum `Adhābun Muhīnun    031-006* Some men buy up sporting tales to mislead [others] from God's way without having any knowledge, and they take it [all] as a joke. Those shall have shameful torment. ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‌‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌‌ۚ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa 'Idhā Tutlá `Alayhi 'Āyātunā Wallá Mustakbian Ka'an Lam Yasma`hā Ka'anna Fī 'Udhunayhi Waqan Fabashshirhu ۖ Bi`adhābin 'Alīmin    031-007* Whenever Our verses are recited to him, he turns around disdainfully as if he had not even heard them, just as if both his ears were hard of hearing. Announce painful torment to him!
The Skeptic's Challenge
‌‌‌‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‌‌‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ۖ ‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌
'Inna Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Wa `Amilū Aş-Şāliĥāti Lahum Jannātu An-Na`īmi    031-008* The ones who believe and perform honorable deeds will have gardens of Bliss ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Khālidīna Fīhā ۖ Wa`da Al-Lahi Ĥaqqāan ۚ Wa Huwa Al-`Azīzu Al-Ĥakīmu    031-009* to live in for ever. God's promise is true, and He is the Powerful, the Wise. ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ۖ ‌‌ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‌ۚ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍
Khalaqa As-Samāwāti Bighayri `Amadin Tarawnahā ۖ Wa 'Alqá Fī Al-'Arđi Rawāsiya 'An Tamīda Bikum Wa Baththa Fīhā Min Kulli Dābbatin ۚ Wa 'Anzalnā Mina As-Samā'i Mā'an Fa'anbatnā Fīhā Min Kulli Zawjin Karīmin    031-010* He has created the heavens without any visible support. He has cast headlands on the earth lest it sway with you, and dispersed all kinds of animals throughout it. We send water down from the sky with which We grow every type of noble species. ‍‍ ‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‌‌ ۖ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍ ‌‍‌‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌ ‍‌‍‍‌ۚ ‌‌‌‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‌‌‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‌ ‌‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
dhā Khalqu Al-Lahi Fa'arūnī Mādhā Khalaqa Al-Ladhīna Min Dūnihi ۚ Bali Až-Žālimūna Fī Đalālin Mubīnin    031-011* This is God's creation. Show me what those others besides Him have created! Indeed, wrongdoers are in obvious error.
Luqman's Advice to His Son (II)
‌‌ ‍‍ ‍ ‌‌ ‌‌‌ ‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‌ ۚ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Laqad 'Ātaynā Luqmāna Al-Ĥikmata 'Ani Ashkur Lillahi ۚ Wa Man Yashkur Fa'innamā Yashkuru Linafsihi ۖ Wa Man Kafara Fa'inna Al-Laha Ghanīyun Ĥamīdun    031-012* We gave Luqman wisdom: "Give thanks to God. Anyone who gives thanks, merely gives thanks for his own sake; while anyone who is ungrateful [will find] God is Transcendent, Praiseworthy."
Association is a Serious Sin
‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ۚ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‌ ۖ ‌‍‌ ‍ ‍‍‍‍
Wa 'Idh Qāla Luqmānu Liābnihi Wa Huwa Ya`ižuhu Yā Bunayya Lā Tushrik Bil-Lahi ۖ 'Inna Ash-Shirka Lažulmun `Ažīmun    031-013* Thus Luqman told his son as he was instructing him: "My dear son, do not associate anything [in your worship] of God [Alone]. Association is such a serious wrong!"
Respect for Parents
‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‍ ‌ ۖ ‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Waşşaynā Al-'Insāna Biwālidayhi Ĥamalat/hu 'Ummuhu Wahnāan `Alá Wahnin Wa Fişāluhu Fī `Āmayni 'Ani Ashkur Lī Wa Liwālidayka 'Ilayya Al-Maşīru    031-014* (We have commissioned (every)man to [look after] his parents: his mother bears him with one fainting spell after another fainting spell, while his weaning takes two years. Thank Me as well as your parents; towards Me lies the Goal! ‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa 'In Jāhadāka `Alá 'An Tushrika Bī Mā Laysa Laka Bihi `Ilmun Falā Tuţi`humā ۖ Wa Şāĥibhumā Fī Ad-Dunyā Ma`rūfāan ۖ Wa Attabi` Sabīla Man 'Anāba 'Ilayya ۚ Thumma 'Ilayya Marji`ukum Fa'unabbi'ukum Bimā Kuntum Ta`malūna    031-015* Yet if either of them should strive to make you associate anything with Me which you have no knowledge about, do not obey them although you should (still) keep company with both of them properly during [their life in] this world. Follow the way of anyone who feels concerned about Me. Then to Me will be your return and I shall notify you about whatever you have been doing.) ‌‌ ‍‍‌‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ۖ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‌ۖ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍ۚ ‌ ‍ ‌ ‍‌‍‍‍ ‍‍‍
Yā Bunayya 'Innahā 'In Takun Mithqāla Ĥabbatin Min Khardalin FatakunŞakhratin 'Aw Fī As-Samāwāti 'Aw Fī Al-'Arđi Ya'ti Bihā Al-Lahu ۚ 'Inna Al-Laha Laţīfun Khabīrun    031-016* "My dear son, if there existed the weight of a mustard seed, and it lay in some boulder in either Heaven or Earth, God would still bring it forth. God is so Gracious, Informed.
Social Conduct
‍‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‌‌‌ ‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‍‌‍‍‌ ‌‌‌ ‌‍‍ ‌ ۚ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Yā Bunayya 'Aqimi Aş-Şalāata Wa 'Mur Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Anha `Ani Al-Munkari Wa Aşbir `Alá Mā 'Aşābaka ۖ 'Inna Dhālika Min `Azmi Al-'Umūri    031-017* "My dear son, keep up prayer, command what is proper and forbid dishonor. Endure patiently whatever may afflict you; for that shows determination in [handling] matters. ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‌ ۖ‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Lā Tuşa``ir Khaddaka Lilnnāsi Wa Lā Tamshi Fī Al-'Arđi Maraĥāan ۖ 'Inna Al-Laha Lā Yuĥibbu Kulla Mukhtālin Fakhūrin    031-018* Do not sneer down your cheek at other men nor walk brashly around the earth: God does not love every swaggering boaster. ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‍ۖ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌
qşid Fī Mashyika Wa Aghđuđ Min Şawtika ۚ 'Inna 'Ankara Al-'Aşwāti Laşawtu Al-Ĥamīri    031-019* Act modestly in the way you walk, and lower your voice: The ugliest sound is a donkey's voice! (III) ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‌ ۚ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
'Alam Taraw 'Anna Al-Laha Sakhkhara Lakum Mā Fī As-Samāwāti Wa Mā Fī Al-'Arđi Wa 'Asbagha `Alaykum Ni`amahu Žāhiratan Wa Bāţinatan ۗ Wa Mina An-Nāsi Man Yujādilu Fī Al-Lahi Bighayri `Ilmin Wa Lā Hudáan Wa Lā Kitābin Munīrin    031-020* Do you not see how God has harnessed whatever is in Heaven and whatever is on Earth for you? He has lavished His favor on you both publicly and privately. Yet some men will still argue about God without having any knowledge or guidance, nor any enlightening Book! ‌‌ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌‍ ‌‌‍ ‍‍ ‌ ‌ ۗ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‌ ‌‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa 'Idhā Qīla Lahumu Attabi`ū Mā 'Anzala Al-Lahu Qālū Bal Nattabi`u Mā Wajadnā `Alayhi 'Ābā'anā ۚ 'Awalaw Kāna Ash-Shayţānu Yad`ūhum 'Ilá `Adhābi As-Sa`īri    031-021* Whenever they are told: "Follow whatever God has sent down," they say: "Rather we follow what we found our forefathers doing." Even though Satan has been inviting them to the torment of the Blaze?
Tolerance Towards Disbelievers
‌‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‌‌ ‌ ‌‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌ ۚ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Man Yuslim Wajhahu 'Ilá Al-Lahi Wa Huwa Muĥsinun Faqadi Astamsaka Bil-`Urwati Al-Wuthqá Wa 'Ilá ۗ Al-Lahi `Āqibatu Al-'Umūri    031-022* Anyone who commits his person peacefully to God and acts kindly has grasped the Firmest Handle! Towards God lies the destiny of matters. ‍‍‍‍~‍ ‌‌ ‍ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‌ ۗ ‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Man Kafara Falā Yaĥzunka Kufruhu ۚ 'Ilaynā Marji`uhum Fanunabbi'uhum Bimā `Amilū ۚ 'Inna Al-Laha `Alīmun Bidhāti Aş-Şudūri    031-023* No matter who disbelieves, do not let his disbelief sadden you; to Us will be their return and We shall notify them about whatever they have done. God is Aware of what is on people's minds. ‍‌‌ ‌ ‌‍‍ ‍‍~ۚ ‌‌ ‍ ‌ ‍ۚ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌
Numatti`uhum Qalīlāan Thumma Nađţarruhum 'Ilá `Adhābin Ghalīžin    031-024* We will let them enjoy themselves for a little while; then We will drive them along to stern torment. ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Wa La'in Sa'altahum Man Khalaqa As-Samāwāti Wa Al-'Arđa Layaqūlunna Al-Lahu ۚ Quli Al-Ĥamdu Lillahi ۚ Bal 'Aktharuhum Lā Ya`lamūna    031-025* If you should ask them who created Heaven and Earth, they would say: "God." SAY: "Praise be to God!" However most of them do not realize it, ‍‌ ‍‍ ‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‍‍ ۚ ۚ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍
Lillahi Mā Fī As-Samāwāti Wa Al-'Arđi ۚ 'Inna Al-Laha Huwa Al-Ghanīyu Al-Ĥamīdu    031-026* God owns whatever is in Heaven and Earth; God is Transcendent, Praiseworthy.
God's Words
‍‌‍‍‌‌‍ ۚ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Law 'Annamā Fī Al-'Arđi Min Shajaratin 'Aqlāmun Wa Al-Baĥru Yamudduhu Min Ba`dihi Sab`atu 'Abĥurin Mā Nafidat Kalimātu Al-Lahi ۗ 'Inna Al-Laha `Azīzun Ĥakīmun    031-027* If only the trees on earth were pens and the [inky] sea were later on replenished with seven other seas, God's words would never be exhausted; God is Powerful, Wise! ‌ ‌‍‍‌ ‌‍ ‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌ ‍ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍ ۗ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
Khalqukum Wa Lā Ba`thukum 'Illā Kanafsin Wāĥidatin ۗ 'Inna Al-Laha Samī`un Başīrun    031-028* Your creation and your rebirth [happen] only as with a single soul. God is Alert, Observant. ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‌ۗ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
'Alam Tará 'Anna Al-Laha Yūliju Al-Layla Fī An-Nahāri Wa Yūliju An-Nahāra Al-Layli Wa Sakhkhara Ash-Shamsa Wa Al-Qamara Kullun Yajrī 'Ilá 'Ajalin Musammáan Wa 'Anna Al-Laha Bimā Ta`malūna Khabīrun    031-029* Have you not seen how God wraps night up in daylight and wraps daylight up in night? He regulates the sun and moon: each runs along on a fixed course. God is Informed about anything you do! ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍
Dhālika Bi'anna Al-Laha Huwa Al-Ĥaqqu Wa 'Anna Mā Yad`ūna Min Dūnihi Al-Bāţilu Wa 'Anna Al-Laha Huwa Al-`Alīyu Al-Kabīru    031-030* That is because God is the Truth while anything they appeal to instead of Him is false. God is the Sublime, the Great!
The Sea (IV)
‍ ‌ ‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍ ‌‌ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
'Alam Tará 'Anna Al-Fulka Tajrī Fī Al-Baĥri Bini`mati Al-Lahi Liyuriyakum Min 'Āyātihi ۚ 'Inna Fī Dhālika La'āyātin Likulli Şabbārin Shakūrin    031-031* Have you not seen ships sailing along at sea because of God's favor, so He may show you some of His signs? In that are signs for every [person who is] persevering, grateful. ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‍ ‍ ‍‌ۚ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‌‌
Wa 'Idhā Ghashiyahum Mawjun Kālžžulali Da`aw Al-Laha Mukhlişīna Lahu Ad-Dīna Falammā Najjāhum 'Ilá Al-Barri Faminhum Muqtaşidun ۚ Wa Mā Yajĥadu Bi'āyātinā 'Illā Kullu Khattārin Kafūrin    031-032* Whenever waves cover them like awnings, they appeal to God sincerely; religion belongs to Him! Yet once He delivers them to land, some of them act disinterested. It is only every ungrateful swindler who repudiates Our signs. ‌‌‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ۚ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‌‌
Yā 'Ayyuhā An-Nāsu Attaqū Rabbakum Wa Akhshaw Yawmāan Lā Yajzī Wa A-Dun `An Waladihi Wa Lā Mawlūdun Huwa Jāzin `An Wa A-Dihi Shay'āan ۚ 'Inna Wa`da Al-Lahi Ĥaqqun ۖ Falā Taghurrannakumu Al-Ĥayā Atu Ad-Dunyā Wa Lā Yaghurrannakum Bil-Lahi Al-Gharūru    031-033* Mankind, heed your Lord and dread the day when no parent will make amends for his child nor will any offspring make amends in any way for his parent. God's promise is true, so do not let worldly life deceive you, nor even let the Deceiver deceive you concerning God.
God the All-Knowing
‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‍ ‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌ ۚ ‌‌ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌ ۖ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌‌
'Inna Al-Laha `Indahu `Ilmu As-Sā`ati Wa Yunazzilu Al-Ghaytha Wa Ya`lamu Mā Fī Al-'Arĥāmi ۖ Wa Mā Tadrī Nafsundhā Taksibu Ghadāan ۖ Wa Mā Tadrī Nafsun Bi'ayyi 'Arđin Tamūtu ۚ 'Inna Al-Laha `Alīmun Khabīrun    031-034* God has knowledge about the Hour. He sends down showers and knows whatever wombs contains. Yet no person knows what he will earn tomorrow, nor does any person know in what land he will die. Still, God is Aware, Informed! ‍ ‍‌‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‌ ‍‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍ ۖ ‌‌ ‍ ‌ ‌‌‌ ‍‌‌ۖ ‌‌ ‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍ ۚ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
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