96) Sūrat Al-`Alaq

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THESE 19 MECCAN verses form what is traditionally considered to be one of the very earliest portions of the Quran that was revealed to Muhammad. They are thrilling words through which God spoke directly to mankind. It is calculated that this incident occurred about the year 610 of the Christian era, or over a decade before the Hijra or eventual Transfer to Madina. This chapter was revealed before The Pen 68 with which it is connected in mood and message, and after The Man Wearing a Cloak 74 (which SEE). These chapters recognize the fact that the art of reading or literacy forms the basis for civilized life and culture. The Muslims' respect for it helped to build up the Islamic commonwealth later on which held off the West European middle ages from much of Africa and Asia. The latter half of this chapter shows a subtle though quite apparent change in mood which is directed against the Meccans' opposition to the Prophet's public prayers. In the name of God, the Mercy-giving, the Merciful! Muhammad's First Call
Aqra' Biāsmi Rabbika Al-Ladhī Khalaqa    096-001* READ in the name of your Lord Who creates, ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍ ‌‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍
Khalaqa Al-'Insāna Min `Alaqin    096-002* creates man from a clot! ‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Aqra' Wa Rabbuka Al-'Akramu    096-003*READ, for your Lord is most Generous; ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‌‍
Al-Ladhī `Allama Bil-Qalami    096-004* [it is He] Who teaches by means of the pen, ‍‍
`Allama Al-'Insāna Mā Lam Ya`lam    096-005* teaches man what he does not know. ‍‍‍‍
Kallā 'Inna Al-'Insāna Layaţghá    096-006* However man acts so arrogant, ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
'An Ra'āhu Astaghná    096-007* for he considers he is self-sufficient. ‌‍‍‍‍‌
'Inna 'Ilá Rabbika Ar-Ruj`á    096-008* Yet to your Lord will be the Return!
A Plea for Tolerance
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'Ara'ayta Al-Ladhī Yanhá    096-009* Have you seen someone who stops ‌‍
`Abdāan 'Idhā Şallá    096-010* a worshipper as he prays? ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‌‌‌ ‍‌
'Ara'ayta 'In Kāna `Alá Al-Hudá    096-011* Have you considered whether he is [looking] for guidance ‌‍‌ ‌‍‍‌‌
'Aw 'Amara Bit-Taqwá    096-012* or ordering heedfulness ‌‌ ‌‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌
'Ara'ayta 'In Kadhdhaba Wa Tawallá    096-013* Have you seen whether he has rejected [the message] and turned away? ‌‍‌ ‌ ‌‌
'Alam Ya`lam Bi'anna Al-Laha Yará    096-014* Does he not know that God sees [everything]? ‍ ‍‌‌
Kallā La'in Lam Yantahi Lanasfa`ā Bin-Nāşiyahi    096-015* Of course not! Yet if he does not stop, We shall catch him by his forelock! ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍
şiyatindhibatin Khāţi'ahin    096-016* Such a lying, sinful forelock! BOW DOWN HERE (Except for those in Authority) ‌ ‍
Falyad`u Nādiyah    096-017* Let him appeal to his henchmen:
Sanad`u Az-Zabāniyaha    096-018* We shall appeal to the avenging [angels].
Kallā Lā Tuţi`hu Wa Asjudqtarib    096-019* Of course, do not obey him; bow down on your knees, and come closer! ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
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