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66) Sūrat At-Taĥrīm

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66)

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THIS CHAPTER containing 12 more verses from Madina was revealed after The [Inner] Apartments 49 and before Haggling 64. It forms the last of twelve Madinese chapters that are found in this portion of the Quran. The subject matter concerns the Prophet's own family life and disputes with his wives Hafsa and Aisha over Mary the Egyptian (i), the mother of his shortlived son Ibrahim or Abraham. The light given to believers is pictured in section ii; and then a parable on both "Bad and Good Wives", which includes a final statement on Mary, Jesus' saintly mother. In the name of God, the Mercy-giving, the Merciful! Handling Impossible Oaths (i)
Yā 'Ayyuhā An-Nabīyu Lima Tuĥarrimu Mā 'Aĥalla Al-Lahu Laka Tabtaghī Marđāata 'Azwājika Wa Allāhu ۖ Ghafūrun Raĥīmun ۚ    066-001* O Prophet, why do you prohibit something that God has permitted you? You seek to please your wives while God is Forgiving, Merciful. ‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌
Qad Farađa Al-Lahu Lakum Taĥillata 'Aymānikum Wa ۚ Allāhu Mawlākum ۖ Wa Huwa Al-`Alīmu Al-Ĥakīmu    066-002* God has stipulated that you (all) should disregard such oaths of yours. God is your Patron; He is the Aware, the Wise.
The Prophet's Family
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Wa 'Idh 'Asarra An-Nabīyu 'Ilá Ba`đi 'Azwājihi Ĥadīthāan Falammā Nabba'at Bihi Wa 'Ažharahu Al-Lahu `Alayhi `Arrafa Ba`đahu Wa 'A`rađa `An Ba`đin ۖ Falammā Nabba'ahā Bihi Qālat Man 'Anba'aka Hādhā ۖ Qāla Nabba'aniya Al-`Alīmu Al-Khabīru    066-003* Thus the Prophet confided a story to one of his wives and when she spread it around, God disclosed the matter to him. He let some of it be known, and overlooked part [of it]. However when he informed her about it, she said: "Who told you about this?", he said: "The Aware, the Informed One told me so." ‌‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍ ‌‌‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‌ۖ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‌ ‍ ‌‍‍ ‌‌ ۖ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
'In Tatūbā 'Ilá Al-Lahi Faqad Şaghat Qulūbukumā ۖ Wa 'In Tažāha `Alayhi Fa'inna Al-Laha Huwa Mawlāhu Wa Jibrīlu Wa Şāliĥu Al-Mu'uminīna Wa ۖ Al-Malā'ikatu Ba`da Dhālika Žahīrun    066-004* If both of you will turn to God (in repentance), then let your hearts be so inclined; while if you back each other up against him, then God will be his Patron as well as Gabriel, plus any honorable believer. The angels furthermore are [his] backers. ‌ ‌‌ ‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ۖ ‌‌‌‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍ ‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍ۖ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
`Asá Rabbuhu 'In Ţallaqakunna 'An Yubdilahu 'Azwājāan Khayan Minkunna Muslimātin Mu'uminātin Qānitātin Tā'ibātin `Ābidātin Sā'iĥātin Thayyibātin Wa 'Aban    066-005* Perhaps, should he divorce you, his Lord would grant him even better wives than you are in exchange, ones committed to (live in) peace, who are believers, devoted, repentant, worshipful, serving as social workers, both matrons and virgins. ‌ ‌‍‍~‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍~‍ ‌‌‌‌ ‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‌‌
Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Qū 'Anfusakum Wa 'Ahlīkuman Waqūduhā An-Nāsu Wa Al-Ĥijāratu `Alayhā Malā'ikatun Ghilāžun Shidādun Lā Ya`şūna Al-Laha Mā 'Amarahum Wa Yaf`alūna Mā Yu'umarūna    066-006* You who believe, shield yourselves and your families from a fire whose fuel will be men and stones: over it there [lurk] fierce, stem angels who do not disobey God in anything He commands them [to do]. They do whatever they are ordered to. ‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‌‍ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‍ ‍‍‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‍‍‌ ‌‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌
Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Lā Ta`tadhirū Al-Yawma ۖ 'Innamā Tujzawna Mā Kuntum Ta`malūna    066-007* You who disbelieve, do not make up any excuses today; you are merely being rewarded for whatever you have been doing.
Believer's Light (ii)
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Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Tūbū 'Ilá Al-Lahi Tawbatan Naşūĥāan `Asá Rabbukum 'An Yukaffira `Ankum Sayyi'ātikum Wa Yudkhilakum Jannātin Tajrī Min Taĥtihā Al-'Anhāru Yawma Lā Yukh Al-Lahu An-Nabīya Wa Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Ma`ahu ۖruhum Yas`á Bayna 'Aydīhim Wa Bi'aymānihim Yaqūlūna Rabbanā 'Atmim Lanā Nūranā Wa Aghfir Lanā ۖ 'Innaka `Alá Kulli Shay'in Qadīrun    066-008* You who believe, turn to God in frank repentance. Perhaps your Lord will remit your evil deeds for you and show you into gardens through which rivers flow, on a day when God will not let the Prophet be humiliated. Those who believe will stand alongside him, their light streaming on ahead of them and to their right. They will say: "Our Lord, perfect our light for us, and forgive us! You are Capable of everything!" ‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‍‌‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‌‍‍‌‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‌ ۖ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‌ ‌ ‌ ‌‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‍ۖ‍‍ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌
Yā 'Ayyuhā An-Nabīyu Jāhidi Al-Kuffāra Wa Al-Munāfiqīna Wa Aghluž `Alayhim ۚ Wa Ma'wāhum Jahannamu ۖ Wa Bi'sa Al-Maşīru    066-009*O Prophet, strive against disbelievers and hypocrites; act stern with them! Their refuge will be Hell and it is such a wretched goal. Bad and Good Wives ‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‌‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌ ۚ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ۖ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Đaraba Al-Lahu Mathalāan Lilladhīna Kafarū Aimra'ata Nūĥin Wa Aimra'ata Lūţin ۖ Kānatā Taĥta `Abdayni Min `Ibādinā Şāliĥayni Fakhānatāhumā Falam Yughniyā `Anhumā Mina Al-Lahi Shay'āan Wa Qīla Adkhulā An-Nāra Ma`a Ad-Dākhilīna    066-010* God has made up a parable for those who disbelieve: Noah's wife and Lot's wife were both married to two of Our honorable servants, yet they betrayed them both. Neither received any help at all for them so far as God was concemed. They were told: "Enter the Fire along with [the rest of] those who are entering it." ‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ۖ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‍ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍
Wa Đaraba Al-Lahu Mathalāan Lilladhīna 'Āmanū Aimra'ata Fir`awna 'Idh Qālat Rabbi Abni Lī `Indaka Baytāan Al-Jannati Wa Najjinī Min Fir`awna Wa `Amalihi Wa Najjinī Mina Al-Qawmi Až-Žālimīna    066-011* God has (also) made up a parable for those who believe, concerning Pharaoh's wife when she said: "My Lord, build a house for me in the Garden alongside You, and save me from Pharaoh and his action. Save me from such wrongdoing folk!" ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‌ ‌‌‌ ‍ ‌‍ ‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍ ‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Wa Maryama Abnata `Imrāna Allatī 'Aĥşanat Farjahā Fanafakhnā Fīhi Min Rūĥinā Wa Şaddaqat Bikalimāti Rabbihā Wa Kutubihi Wa Kānat Mina Al-Qānitīna    066-012*
Mary the Chaste: And [concerning] Mary, the descendant of lmran, who preserved her chastity; We breathed some of Our spirit into [her womb], and she (thereby) confirmed her Lord's words and books. She was so prayerful!
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