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53) Sūrat An-Najm

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53)

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THIS CHAPTER was revealed after Sincerity (OR [God's] Oneness) 112, and before He Frowned! 80. It consists of three sections contain total of 62 early Meccan verses, except for v. 32 which dates from Ma The star referred to is variously stated to be either the morning and star which is called Venus in Western terminology, or else the dogs Sirius mentioned in III, or perhaps the cluster of the Pleiades. This chapter too is mystical and soaring in spirit, for it concerns the Miraj or Ascension of the Prophet which is also described at the beginning of The Night Journey 17 (I). The first section announces Muhammad's call to prophethood and explains how intercession is of no avail; while the second emphasizes that God is Just. The complete vision is superb and should be studied carefully for inspiration. In the name of God, the Mercy-giving, the Merciful! (I)
Wa An-Najmi 'Idhā Hawá    053-001* By The Star as it sets, ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌‌ ‌‌
Đalla Şāĥibukum Wa Mā Ghawá    053-002* your companion has neither strayed nor is he misguided. ‍ ‌‌ ‍‌‌
Wa Mā Yanţiqu `Ani Al-Hawá    053-003* He does not speak from some whim; ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌
'In Huwa 'Illā Waĥyun Yūĥá    053-004* it is merely inspiration that is revealed [to him].
The Sublime Vision
‌ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‌
`Allamahu Shadīdu Al-Quwá    053-005* Someone firm in strength has taught him, ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‌‌
Dhū Mirratin Fāstawá    053-006* someone possessing such ability that he soared up ‌‌ ‌ ‍‌‌
Wa Huwa Bil-'Ufuqi Al-'A`lá    053-007* and stood, poised at the highest [point on the] horizon. ‌ ‍
Thumma Danā Fatadallá    053-008* Then he approached and came right down, ‌‌ ‌
Fakāna Qāba Qawsayni 'Aw 'Adná    053-009* and stood two bow-lengths off or even closer. ‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‍ ‌‌‌ ‌
Fa'awĥá 'Ilá `Abdihi Mā 'Awĥá    053-010* He inspired whatever he inspired in His servant. ‌‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‌‌
Mā Kadhaba Al-Fu'uādu Mā Ra'á    053-011* His vitals did not deny whatever he saw. ‍‍‌‌‌ ‌ ‌‍‌‌‌
'Afatumārūnahu `Alá Mā Yará    053-012* Yet will you (all) distrust him about what he [actually] saw? ‌‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‍‌‌
Wa Laqad Ra'āhu Nazlatan 'Ukhrá    053-013* He saw him in another descent ‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌‌
`Inda Sidrati Al-Muntahá    053-014* near the Hawthorne on the Boundary ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‌‍ ‍‍‍‍‌
`Indahā Jannatu Al-Ma'wá    053-015* alongside the Garden of Repose. ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‌
'Idh Yaghshá As-Sidrata Mā Yaghshá    053-016* When whatever covered the Hawthorn covered it, ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‌
Mā Zāgha Al-Başaru Wa Mā Ţaghá    053-017* his eyesight did not falter nor was it carried away. ‌ ‌‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
Laqad Ra'á Min 'Āyāti Rabbihi Al-Kubrá    053-018* He saw some of his Lord's greatest signs!
Futile Goddesses
‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‍‌‌‌ ‍ ‌‍‍‍ ‌‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‌‌
'Afara'aytumu Al-Lāta Wa Al-`Uzzá    053-019* Have you (all) considered al-Lat and al-Uzza, ‍ ‌‌‌
Wa Manāata Ath-Thālithata Al-'Ukhrá    053-020* and Manat the other [who ranks] in third place? ‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‌‌
'Alakumu Adh-Dhakaru Wa Lahu Al-'Unthá    053-021* Do you have sons while He has daughters? ‍‌ ‌ ‍‌
Tilka 'Idhāan Qismatun Đīzá    053-022* That would then be an unfair attribution! ‌‌‌ ‍‌‌
'In Hiya 'Illā 'Asmā'un Sammaytumūhā 'Antum Wa 'Ābā'uukum Mā 'Anzala Al-Lahu Bihā Min Sulţānin ۚ 'In Yattabi`ūna 'Illā Až-Žanna Wa Mā Tahwá Al-'Anfusu ۖ Wa Laqad Jā'ahum Min Rabbihimu Al-Hudá    053-023* They are only some names which you and your forefathers have called them; God has not sent down any authority for them. They merely follow conjecture and something their souls fancy. Yet guidance has already reached them from their Lord. ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‌‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍ ‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌ ‌‌‍ ‌ ‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍ۚ‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌‌ ‍‍ ۖ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‌‍ ‌‍ ‌‌
'Am Lil'insāni Mā Tamanná    053-024* Or may man have anything he hankers for? ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‌
Falillāhi Al-'Ākhiratu Wa Al-'Ūlá    053-025* Yet God still holds the Last as well as the First!
Intercession Does Not Help (II)
‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‌
Wa Kam Min Malakin As-Samāwāti Lā TughShafā`atuhum Shay'āan 'Illā Min Ba`di 'An Ya'dhana Al-Lahu Liman Yashā'u Wa Yarđá    053-026* How many angels are there in Heaven whose intercession does not help in any way except after God permits it, for whomever He wishes and approves of? ‍‌‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‍ ‌ ‌‍ ‍‍‍‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌
'Inna Al-Ladhīna Lā Yu'uminūna Bil-'Ākhirati Layusammūna Al-Malā'ikata Tasmiyata Al-'Unthá    053-027* The ones who do not believe in the Hereafter call the angels by the names of females. ‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‌
Wa Mā Lahum Bihi Min `Ilmin ۖ 'In Yattabi`ūna 'Illā Až-Žanna ۖ Wa 'Inna Až-Žanna Lā Yughnī Mina Al-Ĥaqqi Shay'āan    053-028* Yet they have no knowledge about it; they only follow guesswork. Conjecture will not help out in any way against the Truth, ‌ ‍ ‍‍‌ ‌ۖ‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ۖ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌
Fa'a`riđ `An Man Tawallá `An Dhikrinā Wa Lam Yurid 'Illā Al-Ĥayāata Ad-Dunyā    053-029* so shun anyone who avoids mentioning Us and only wants [to enjoy] worldly life; ‌ ‍ ‌‍‌ ‌ ‍‌ ‌‌ ‍‍ ‍‍‌
Dhālika Mablaghuhum Mina Al-`Ilmi ۚ 'Inna Rabbaka Huwa 'A`lamu Biman Đalla `An Sabīlihi Wa Huwa 'A`lamu Bimani Ahtadá    053-030* that will be their range of knowledge.
God is Just Your Lord is quite Aware as to who has strayed from His path, just as He is quite Aware as to who is guided;
‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ۚ ‌‍ ‌ ‌ ‍‌ ‍ ‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌ ‌‌
Wa Lillahi Mā Fī As-Samāwāti Wa Mā Fī Al-'Arđi Liyajziya Al-Ladhīna 'Asā'ū Bimā `Amilū Wa Yajziya Al-Ladhīna 'Aĥsanū Bil-Ĥusná    053-031* God possesses whatever is in Heaven and whatever is on Earth, so He may reward the ones who commit evil according to whatever they have done while He rewards the ones who act kindly with [equal] kindness. ‍‌‍‍‌ ‌‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌‌‌ ‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍
Al-Ladhīna Yajtanibūna Kabā'ira Al-'Ithmi Wa Al-Fawāĥisha 'Illā Al-Lamama ۚ 'Inna Rabbaka Wāsi`u Al-Maghfirati ۚ Huwa 'A`lamu Bikum 'Idh 'Ansha'akum Mina Al-'Arđi Wa 'Idh 'Antum 'Ajinnatun Fī Buţūni 'Ummahātikum ۖ Falā Tuzakkū 'Anfusakum ۖ Huwa 'A`lamu Bimani Attaqá    053-032* Those who refrain from the greatest vices and sexual offences, except for oversights (will find] your Lord is Boundless when it comes to forgiveness. He was quite Aware of you when He produced you from the earth and when you were still embryos in your mothers' wombs. Do not try to justify yourselves; He is quite Aware as to who has done his duty. (III) ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‌ ۚ ‌‍ ‍‍‍‍ ۚ ‌ ‌ ‌‌‌ ‌‌‍‍ ‌‍ ‌‌‌‌ ‌‌‍‍ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ۖ ‌ ‍‌ ‌‌ۖ ‌ ‌ ‍‍‍‌
'Afara'ayta Al-Ladhī Tawallá    053-033* Have you seen someone who turns away?
Wa 'A`ţá Qalīlāan Wa 'Akdá    053-034* He has given little, and even skimps at that! ‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‌‌‌‌
'A`indahu `Ilmu Al-Ghaybi Fahuwa Yará    053-035* Has he such knowledge about the Unseen that he can (actually) see [it]? ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍ ‌ ‍‌‌
'Am Lam Yunabba' Bimā Fī Şuĥufi Mūsá    053-036* Or has he not been notified about what was on Moses' scrolls ‌ ‌ ‍ ‌
Wa 'Ibhīma Al-Ladhī Wa Ffá    053-037* and on Abraham's, who always kept his word: ‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍ ‌‌
'Allā Taziru Wāziratun Wizra 'Ukhrá    053-038*"That no burdened soul shall bear another's burden. ‍‍‌ ‌‌‌‍‌ ‌‌‌‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‍‌‌
Wa 'An Laysa Lil'insāni 'Illā Mā Sa`á    053-039*That everyman receives only what he makes an effort for: ‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‌ ‌
Wa 'Anna Sa`yahu Sawfa Yurá    053-040*so his effort shall be noticed; ‌ ‍‌‌
Thumma Yujzāhu Al-Jazā'a Al-'Awfá    053-041*then he will be rewarded to the fullest extent.
Moses' and Abraham's Message: Cause and Effect
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Wa 'Anna 'Ilá Rabbika Al-Muntahá    053-042*"And that towards your Lord lies the final End; ‌‌ ‌‍ ‍‍‍‍‌
Wa 'Annahu Huwa 'Ađĥaka Wa 'Abká    053-043* and He makes (us) both laugh and cry; ‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‍‍‌
Wa 'Annahu Huwa 'Amāta Wa 'Aĥyā    053-044* He brings death and grants life. ‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍ ‌‌‌
Wa 'Annahu Khalaqa Az-Zawjayni Adh-Dhakara Wa Al-'Unthá    053-045* He has createdboth sexes, male and female, ‍‍ ‍‍ ‍‌ ‍‍‌ ‌‍‍‌
Min Nuţfatin 'Idhā Tumná    053-046* from a drop of semen which has been ejected. ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌ ‌‌‌‌ ‌
Wa 'Anna `Alayhi An-Nash'ata Al-'Ukhrá    053-047* On Him [rests your] next appearance. ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‍‌‌
Wa 'Annahu Huwa 'Aghná Wa 'Aqná    053-048* "He grants wealth and riches; ‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‌‍‍‍‍‌ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa 'Annahu Huwa Rabbu Ash-Shi`rá    053-049* He is even Lord of the Dogstar! ‍‍ ‌ ‌ ‌‍ ‍‍‌‌
Wa 'Annahu 'Ahlaka `Ādāan Al-'Ūlá    053-050* "Yet He wiped out the first [nation] of Ad ‍‍‍‍~‍ ‌ ‌‌ ‍‍‌‌
Wa Thamūda Famā 'Abqá    053-051* and Thamud, and left nothing over, ‍‍‌‌ ‍‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Qawma Nūĥin Min Qablu ۖ 'Innahum Kānū Hum 'Ažlama Wa 'Aţghá    053-052* and even Noah's folk previously, who had been most unjust and arrogant. ‍‍‍ ‍‍‍‌ ‍‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ۖ‍‍ ‍‌ ‌‍‍‍‍ ‌‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌
Wa Al-Mu'utafikata 'Ahwá    053-053* And he fell upon the Overthrown [Towns], ‌‌‌
Faghashshāhā Mā Ghashshá    053-054* and covered them up with whatever covered them." ‍‍‍‌ ‌ ‍‌
Fabi'ayyi 'Ālā'i Rabbika Tatamārá    053-055* So which of your Lord's benefits will you distrust? ‌‌‌ ‌‍ ‌‍‌‌
dhā Nadhīrun Mina An-Nudhuri Al-'Ūlá    053-056* This is a warner just like the early warners. ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌ ‍‍‌‌
'Azifati Al-'Āzifahu    053-057* What is imminent is approaching;
Laysa Lahā Min Dūni Al-Lahi Kāshifahun    053-058* there is nothing besides God to remove it! BOW DOWN HERE ‌ ‍‍‍‌ ‍ ‍
'Afamin Hādhā Al-Ĥadīthi Ta`jabūna    053-059* Are you amazed at this report? ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍ ‍‍‍
Wa Tađĥakūna Wa Lā Tabkūna    053-060* You laugh, and do not weep ‍‍‍‍‍‍ ‌‌ ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
Wa 'Antum Sāmidūna    053-061* while you hold your heads so high! ‍‍ ‍‍‌
Fāsjudū Lillahi Wa A`budū    053-062* Bow down on your knees to God and worship [Him]! ‌ ‌
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