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49. Supplication for one afflicted by a calamity

  .49

(146)  

 To Allah we belong and unto Him is our return.O Allah, recompense me for my affliction and replace it for me with something better.

(146) 'Innā Lillāhi Wa 'Innā 'Ilayhi Rāji`ūna , Al-Lahumma 'Jurnī Fī Muşībatī, Wa Akhluf Lī Khayrāan Minhā.
 
(146) .
     

50. When closing the eyes of the deceased

 

  .50

(147)

 O Allah, forgive -here the name of the deceased is mentioned- and raise his rank among the rightly guided, and be a successor to whom he has left behind, and forgive us and him O Lord of the worlds.  Make spacious his grave and illuminate it for him.

A successor: one who succeeds another due to the latters absence or death. This is the correct meaning of the word khaleefah; thus, it is incorrect to believe that Adam is the khaleefah (vicegerent, as is commonly translated) of Allah on earth because Allah is never absent, and will never die.  This supplication proves the correct understanding of this term and shows that Allah succeeds us and guards whom we leave behind when we die or are absent (also refer to supplication #198).

(147) Al-Lahumma Aghfir Li-his/her name- Wa Arfa` Darajatahu Fī Al-Mahdīyīna, Wa Akhlufhu Fī `Aqibihi Fī Al-Ghābirīna, Wa Aghfir Lanā Wa Lahu Yā Rabba Al-`Ālamīna, Wa Afsaĥ Lahu Fī Qabrihi Wa Nawwir Lahu Fīhi.
 
(147) - - .
     

51. Supplication for the deceased at the funeral prayer

 

  .51

(148)  

 O Allah, forgive and have mercy upon him, excuse him and pardon him, and make honourable his reception. Expand his entry, and cleanse him with water, snow, and ice, and purify him of sin as a white robe is purified of filth.  Exchange his home for a better home, and his family for a better family, and his spouse for a better spouse. Admit him into the Garden, protect him from the punishment of the grave and the torment of the Fire.

148) Al-Lahumma Aghfir Lahu Wa Arĥamhu, Wa `Āfihi Wa A`fu `Anhu, Wa 'Akrim Nuzulahu, Wa Wassi` Mudkhalahu, Wa Aghsilhu Bil-Mā'i Wa Ath-Thalji Wa Al-Baradi, Wa Naqqihi Mina Al-Khaţāyā Kamā Naqqayta Ath-Thawba Al-'Abyađa Mina Ad-Danasi, Wa 'Abdilhu Dārāan Khayrāan Minrihi, Wa 'Ahlāan Khayrāan Min 'Ahlihi, Wa Zawjāan Khayrāan Min Zawjihi, Wa 'Adkhilhu Al-Jannata, Wa 'A`idh/hu Min `Adhābi Al-Qabri Wa `Adhābi An-Nāri.
 
(148) .

(149)  

 O Allah, forgive our living and our dead, those present and those absent, our young and our old, our males and our females.  O Allah, whom amongst us You keep alive, then let such a life be upon Islam, and whom amongst us You take unto Yourself, then let such a death be upon faith.  O Allah, do not deprive us of his reward and do not let us stray after him.

(149) Al-Lahumma Aghfir Liĥayyinā Wa Mayyitinā, Wa Shāhidinā Wa Ghā'ibinā, Wa Şaghīrinā Wa Kabīrinā, Wa Dhakarinā Wa 'Unthānā. Al-Lahumma Man 'Aĥyaytahu Minnā Fa'aĥyihi `Alá Al-'Islāmi, Wa Man Tawaffaytahu Minnā Fatawaffahu `Alá Al-'Īmāni, Al-Lahumma Lā Taĥrimnā 'Ajrahu, Wa Lā Tuđillanā Ba`dahu.
 
(149) ǡ ǡ ǡ . .

(150)  

 O Allah, so-and-so is under Your care and protection so protect him from the trial of the grave and torment of the Fire.  Indeed You are faithful and truthful. Forgive and have mercy upon him, surely You are The Oft-Forgiving, The Most-Merciful.

(150) Al-Lahumma 'Inna hir/her name Bna father name Fī Dhimmatika, Wa Ĥabli Jiwārika, Faqihi Min Fitnati Al-Qabri Wa `Adhābi An-Nāri, Wa 'Anta 'Ahlu Al-Wafā'i Wa Al-Ĥaqqi, Fāghfir Lahu Wa Arĥamhu, 'Innaka 'Anta Al-Ghafūru Ar-Raĥīmu.
 
(150) .

(151)  

 O Allah, Your servant and the son of Your maidservant is in need of Your mercy and You are without need of his punishment. If he was righteous then increase his reward and if he was wicked then look over his sins.

(151) Al-Lahumma `Abduka Wa Abnu 'Amatika, Aiĥtāja 'Ilá Raĥmatika, Wa 'Anta Ghanīyun `An `Adhābihi, 'In Kāna Muĥsināan Fazid Fī Ĥasanātih, Wa 'In Kāna Musī'āan Fatajāwaz `Anhu.
 
(151) .
     

52. Supplication for the advancement of reward during the   funeral prayer

 

  .52

This supplication is made when the deceased is a baby/child (i.e. one not having reached the age of puberty).

(152)  

After seeking forgiveness for the deceased, one can say:

 O Allah, make him a preceding reward and a stored treasure for his parents, and an answered intercessor. O Allah, through him, make heavy their scales and magnify their reward.  Unite him with the righteous believers, place him under the care of Ibraheem, and protect him by Your mercy from the torment of Hell.

(152) Al-Lahumma Aj`alhu Faraţāan Wa Dhukhrāan Liwālidayhi, Wa Shafī`āan Mujābāan, Al-Lahumma Thaqqil Bihi Mawāzīnahumā, Wa 'A`žim Bihi 'Ujūrahumā, Wa 'Alĥiqhu Bişāliĥi Al-M'uminīna, Wa Aj`alhu Fī Kafālati 'Ibrāhīma, Wa Qihi Biraĥmatika `Adhāba Al-Jaĥīmi.
 
(152) ǡ ǡ ~ ǡ .

(153)  

Al-Hasan used to recite the opening chapter of the Quran (i.e. AL-Fatihah) over the child and then supplicates:

 O Allah, make him a preceding reward, a prepayment and a recompense for us.

(153) Al-Lahumma Aj`alhu Lanā Faraţāan, Wa Salafāan Wa 'Ajrāan.
 
(153) ǡ .
     

53. Condolence

 

  .53

(154)

 Verily to Allah, belongs what He took and to Him belongs what He gave, and everything with Him has an appointed timeand then he r ordered for her to be patient and hope for Allahs reward.

The words (faltasbir waltahtasib) are commands in the feminine 3rd person form, so they will need to be changed in respect to whom is being addressed.

...and one can also say:

 May Allah magnify your reward, make better your solace and forgive your deceased.

This is the saying of some of the scholars, not a hadeeth.

(154) 'Inna Lillāhi Mā 'Akhadha, Wa Lahu Mā 'A`ţá, Wa Kullu Shay'in `Indahu Bi'ajalin Musammaná... Faltaşbir Wa Ltaĥtasib. 'A`žama Allāhu 'Ajraka, Wa 'Aĥsana `Azā'aka, Wa Ghafara Limayyitika.
 
(154) ... . .
     

54. Placing the deceased in the grave

 

  .54

(155)

 In the name of Allah and upon the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah.

(155) Bismi Allāhi Wa `Alá Sunnati Rasūli Al-Lhi.
 
(155) .
     

55. After burying the deceased

 

  .55

(156)

After the Prophet r would bury the deceased he would stand by the grave and say: Seek forgiveness for your brother and pray that he remains firm, for he is now being questioned.

 

(156) , .

 
     

56. Visiting the graves

 

  .56

(157)

 Peace be upon you all, O inhabitants of the graves, amongst the believers and the Muslims. Verily we will, Allah willing, be united with you, we ask Allah for well-being for us and you.

(157) As-Salāmu `Alaykum 'Ahla Ad-Diyāri Mina Al-Mu'uminīna Wa Al-Muslimīna, Wa 'Innā 'In Shā'a Allāhu Bikum Lāĥiqūna, Nas'alu Allāha Lanā Wa Lakumu Al-`Āfiyata.
 
(157) .
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 We will do well to memorize it in Arabic.