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22. The Tashahhud

 

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Tashahhud: what one says in the sitting position in prayer

(52)  

 At-tahiyyat is for Allah. All acts of worship and good deeds are for Him.  Peace and the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you O Prophet.  Peace be upon us and all of Allahs righteous servants. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

At-tahiyyat: all words which indicate the glorification of Allah.  His eternal existence, His perfection and His sovereignty.

 
(52) At-Taĥīyātu Lillāhi Wa Aş-Şalawātu Wa Aţ-Ţayyibātu, As-Salāmu `Alayka 'Ayyuhā An-Nabīyu Wa Raĥmatu Allāhi Wa Barakātuhu, As-Salāmu `Alaynā Wa `Alá `Ibādika Aş-Şāliĥīna. 'Ash/hadu 'An Lā 'Ilāha 'Illā Al-Lhu, Wa 'Ash/hadu 'Anna Muĥammadāan `Abduhu Wa Rasūluhu.
 
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23. Prayers upon the Prophet r after the tashahhud

 

 

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(53)  

 O Allah, send prayers upon Muhammad and the followers of Muhammad, just as You sent prayers upon Ibraheem and upon the followers of Ibraheem.  Verily, You are full of praise and majesty. O Allah, send blessings upon Mohammad and upon the family of Muhammad, just as You sent blessings upon Ibraheem and upon the family of Ibraheem.  Verily, You are full of praise and majesty.

send prayers: praise and exalt him in the highest and superior of gatherings: that of the closest angels to Allah.

(al) has been translated in its broadest sense: some scholars are of the view that the meaning here is more specific and that it means: his r followers from among his family.

 

(53) Al-Lahumma Şalli `Alá Muĥammadin Wa `Alá 'Āli Muĥammadin, Kamā Şallayta `Alá 'Ibrāhīma, Wa `Alá 'Āli 'Ibrāhīma 'Innaka Ĥamīdun Majīdun Al-Lahumma Bārik `Alá Muĥammadin Wa `Alá 'Āli Muĥammadin, Kamā Bārakta `Alá 'Ibrāhīma Wa `Alá 'Āli 'Ibrāhīma, 'Innaka Ĥamīdun Majīdun.
(53) .

(54)  

 O Allah, send prayers upon Muhammad and upon the wives and descendants of Muhammad, just as You sent prayers upon the family of Ibraheem, and send blessings upon Muhammad and upon the wives and descendants of Muhammad, just as You sent blessings upon the family of Ibraheem. Verily, You are full of praise and majesty.

 

(54) Al-Lahumma Şalli `Alá Muĥammadin Wa `Alá 'Azwājihi Wa Dhurrīyatihi, Kamā Şallayta `Alá 'Āli 'Ibrāhīma. Wa Bārik `Alá Muĥammadin Wa `Alá 'Azwājihi, Wa Dhurrīyatihi Kamā Bārakta `Alá 'Āli 'Ibrāhīma. 'Innaka Ĥamīdun Majīdun.
 
(54) . . .

 

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 We will do well to memorize it in Arabic.